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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Recognized Consensus Standards

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Part B: Supplementary Information Sheet (SIS)
FR Recognition List Number 053 Date of Entry 12/23/2019 
FR Recognition Number 16-217
ANSI RESNA WC-1:2019 Section 11
American National Standard for Wheelchairs - Volume 1: Requirements and Test Methods for Wheelchairs (including Scooters) Section 11: Test mannequins
This section of RESNA WC-1 provides specifications for a 25 kg test mannequin and formulas intended for setting up a test mannequin of any mass that is greater than or equal to 50 kg. This section also includes tables of mass and locations of center of mass, which are derived from the formulas,corresponding to nominal test mannequin masses of 50 kg, 75 kg, 100 kg, 125 kg, 150 kg, 175 kg, 200 kg, 250 kg and 300 kg. The center of mass of the test mannequin is located at approximately the same position as that of a human being of the corresponding mass seated in the wheelchair. This specification does not attempt to represent the mass distribution of a person with limb atrophy or amputation. This section intends to guide the construction of a test mannequin that will produce comparable results for stability, performance and durability testing of manual and powered wheelchairs.
Extent of Recognition
Complete standard
Rationale for Recognition
This standard is relevant to medical devices and is recognized on its scientific and technical merit and/or because it supports existing regulatory policies.
Public Law, CFR Citation(s) and Procode(s)*
Regulation Number Device Name Device Class Product Code
§890.3850 Stroller, Adaptive Class 1 LBE
§890.3850 Wheelchair, Mechanical Class 1 IOR
§890.3930 Elevator, Wheelchair, Portable Class 2 ING
§890.3800 Vehicle, Motorized 3-Wheeled Class 2 INI
§890.3860 Wheelchair, Powered Class 2 ITI
§890.3880 Wheelchair, Special Grade Class 2 IQC
§890.3890 Wheelchair, Stair Climbing Class 2 IMK
§890.3900 Wheelchair, Standup Class 2 IPL
FDA Technical Contact
 Angela DeMarco
Standards Development Organizations
ANSI American National Standards Institute https://www.ansi.org/
RESNA Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America http://www.resna.org/
FDA Specialty Task Group (STG)
Physical Medicine
*These are provided as examples and others may be applicable.