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Recognized Consensus Standards

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Part B: Supplementary Information Sheet (SIS)
FR Recognition List Number 054 Date of Entry 07/06/2020 
FR Recognition Number 11-363
Standard
ASTM F897-19
Standard Test Method for Measuring Fretting Corrosion of Osteosynthesis Plates and Screws
Scope/Abstract
1.1 This test method provides a screening test for determining the amount of metal loss from plates and screws used for osteosynthesis (internal fixation of broken bones) due to fretting corrosion in the contact area between the screw head and the plate hole countersink area. The implants are used in the form they would be used clinically. The machine described generates a relative motion between plates and screws which simulates one type of motion pattern that can occur when these devices are used clinically.

1.2 Since the environmental and stress conditions used in this test method may not be identical to those experienced by bone plates in the human body, this test method may produce fretting corrosion rates that are lower or higher than those experienced in practice. The recommended axial load of 400 N was selected as being in a range where the amount of fretting corrosion is not sensitive to small changes in axial load (1).2 The combination of the recommended load and angular displacement are such that a measurable amount of fretting corrosion of surgical alloys occurs in a comparatively short period of time (7 to 14 days). (Refs 1-3)

1.3 The device is designed so as to facilitate sterilization of the test specimens and test chambers to permit testing with proteinaceous solutions that would become contaminated with microbial growth in nonsterile conditions.

1.4 The specimens used can be standard osteosynthesis implants or can be materials fabricated into the appropriate shapes.

1.5 This test method may be used for testing the fretting corrosion of metal plates and screws of similar or different alloy compositions, or it may be used for testing the fretting corrosion of metal-nonmetal combinations. This test method may also be used for wear or degradation studies of nonmetallic materials. This test method may be used as a screening test to rank the corrosivities of saline or proteinaceous solutions, or to rank metal-to-metal couples for resistance to fretting corrosion, or to study other material combinations.
Extent of Recognition
Complete standard
Rationale for Recognition
This standard is relevant to medical devices and is recognized on its scientific and technical merit and/or because it supports existing regulatory policies.
Public Law, CFR Citation(s) and Procode(s)*
Method applies specifically to osteosynthesis plates and screws indicated by the following procodes. However, the method may be used to analyze susceptibility to fretting corrosion of material combinations in other orthopaedic device applications.
Regulation Number Device Name Device Class Product Code
§888.3030 Appliance, Fixation, Nail/Blade/Plate Combination, Multiple Component Class 2 KTT
§888.3030 Appliance, Fixation, Nail/Blade/Plate Combination, Multiple Component, Metal Composite Class 2 LXT
§888.3030 Appliance, Fixation, Nail/Blade/Plate Combination, Single Component Class 2 KTW
§888.3030 Appliance, Nail/Blade/Plate Combination, Single Component Class 2 KWK
§888.3030 Condylar Plate Fixation Implant Class 2 JDP
§888.3030 Device, Fixation, Proximal Femoral, Implant Class 2 JDO
§888.3030 Plate, Fixation, Bone Class 2 HRS
Regulation Number Device Name Device Class Product Code
§888.3040 Screw, Fixation, Bone Class 2 HWC
Relevant FDA Guidance and/or Supportive Publications*
Guidance Document for Testing Non-Articulating, 'Mechanically Locked,' Modular Implant Components, Issued May 1995.
FDA Technical Contacts
 Terry O. Woods
  FDA/OC/CDRH/OSEL/DAM/
  301-796-2503
  terry.woods@fda.hhs.gov
 Christopher Ferreira
  FDA/OC/CDRH/OPEQ/OHTVI/DHTVIC/
  301-796-9350
  christopher.ferreira@fda.hhs.gov
Standards Development Organization
ASTM ASTM International http://www.astm.org/
FDA Specialty Task Group (STG)
Orthopedic
*These are provided as examples and others may be applicable.
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