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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

CFR - Code of Federal Regulations Title 21

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The information on this page is current as of April 1 2018.

For the most up-to-date version of CFR Title 21, go to the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations (eCFR).

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Help | More About 21CFR
[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 3]
[Revised as of April 1, 2018]
[CITE: 21CFR178.3650]



TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
CHAPTER I--FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES
SUBCHAPTER B--FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION (CONTINUED)

PART 178 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADJUVANTS, PRODUCTION AIDS, AND SANITIZERS

Subpart D--Certain Adjuvants and Production Aids

Sec. 178.3650 Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons.

Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons may be safely used, as a component of nonfood articles intended for use in contact with food, in accordance with the following prescribed conditions:

(a) The additive is a mixture of liquid hydrocarbons derived from petroleum or synthesized from petroleum gases. The additive is chiefly paraffinic, isoparaffinic, or naphthenic in nature.

(b) The additive meets the following specifications:

(1) Odor is faint and not kerosenic.

(2) Initial boiling point is 300 deg. F minimum.

(3) Final boiling point is 650 deg. F maximum.

(4) Ultraviolet absorbance limits determined by method specified in 178.3620(b)(1)(ii), as follows:

Wavelength (M[micro]) Maximum absorbance per centimeter optical pathlength
280 to 2894.0
290 to 2993.3
300 to 3292.3
330 to 360.8

(c) The additive is used as follows:

Use Limitations
As a plasticizer and absorber oil in the manufacture of polyolefin articles authorized for food contact useIn an amount not to exceed that required to produce intended effect, consistent with good manufacturing practice.
As a lubricant of fibers of textiles authorized for food contact useAt a use level not to exceed 0.15 percent by weight of finished fibers.
As a component of adhesivesComplying with 175.105 of this chapter.
As a defoamer in the manufacture of paper and paperboardComplying with 176.210 of this chapter.
As a defoamer in coatingsComplying with 176.200 of this chapter.
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