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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

CFR - Code of Federal Regulations Title 21

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The information on this page is current as of April 1 2019.

For the most up-to-date version of CFR Title 21, go to the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations (eCFR).

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Help | More About 21CFR
[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 6]
[Revised as of April 1, 2019]
[CITE: 21CFR573.914]



TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
CHAPTER I--FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES
SUBCHAPTER E--ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS

PART 573 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED IN FEED AND DRINKING WATER OF ANIMALS

Subpart B--Food Additive Listing

Sec. 573.914 Salts of volatile fatty acids.

(a) Identity. The food additive is a blend containing the ammonium or calcium salt of isobutyric acid and the ammonium or calcium salts of a mixture of 5-carbon acids--isovaleric, 2-methylbutyric, and n -valeric.

(b) Specifications. The additive contains ammonium or calcium salts of volatile fatty acids and shall conform to the following specifications:

(1) Ammonium salts:

Components Amount
Ammonium salts of mixed 5-carbon acids (as identified in paragraph (a) of this section)48 to 54 percent.
Ammonium salt of isobutyric acid22 to 26 percent.
Water28 percent maximum.
Ammonia0.3 percent maximum.
Arsenic3 parts per million maximum.
Heavy metals such as lead10 parts per million maximum.

(2) Calcium salts:

Components Amount
Calcium salts of mixed 5-carbon acids (as identified in paragraph (a) of this section)58 to 72 percent.
Calcium salt of isobutyric acid26 to 34 percent.
Calcium hydroxide3 percent maximum.
Water14 percent maximum.
Arsenic3 parts per million maximum.
Heavy metals such as lead10 parts per million maximum.

(c) Use. The additive is used or intended for use as a source of energy in dairy cattle feed.

(d) Labeling. The label and labeling of the additive in any feed, feed supplement, feed concentrate, feed premix, or liquid feed supplement prepared therefrom shall bear, in addition to other information required by the act, the following:

(1) The name of the additive.

(2) Adequate directions for use, including statements expressing maximum use levels. For ammonium salts of volatile fatty acids, the statements: "Not to exceed 160 grams per head per day thoroughly mixed in dairy cattle feed as a source of energy." For calcium salts of volatile fatty acids, the statement: "Not to exceed 135 grams per head per day thoroughly mixed in dairy cattle feed as a source of energy."

[49 FR 45125, Nov. 15, 1984; 50 FR 8606, Mar. 4, 1985, as amended at 70 FR 13100, Mar. 18, 2005]

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