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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

CFR - Code of Federal Regulations Title 21

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The information on this page is current as of Dec 22, 2023.

For the most up-to-date version of CFR Title 21, go to the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations (eCFR).

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Help | More About 21CFR
[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 8]
[CITE: 21CFR870.2220]
See Related Information on Adjunctive hemodynamic indicator with decision point. in CDRH databases



Subpart C - Cardiovascular Monitoring Devices

Sec. 870.2220 Adjunctive hemodynamic indicator with decision point.

(a) Identification. An adjunctive hemodynamic indicator with decision point is a device that identifies and monitors hemodynamic condition(s) of interest and provides notifications at a clinically meaningful decision point. This device is intended to be used adjunctively along with other monitoring and patient information.

(b) Classification. Class II (special controls). The special controls for this device are:

(1) Software description, verification, and validation based on comprehensive hazard analysis and risk assessment must be provided, including:

(i) Full characterization of technical parameters of the software, including algorithm(s);

(ii) Description of the expected impact of all applicable sensor acquisition hardware characteristics on performance and any associated hardware specifications;

(iii) Specification of acceptable incoming sensor data quality control measures;

(iv) Mitigation of impact of user error or failure of any subsystem components (signal detection and analysis, data display, and storage) on output accuracy; and

(v) The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value in both percentage and number form for clinically meaningful pre-specified time windows consistent with the device output.

(2) Scientific justification for the validity of the hemodynamic indicator algorithm(s) must be provided. Verification of algorithm calculations and validation testing of the algorithm must use an independent data set.

(3) Usability assessment must be provided to demonstrate that risk of misinterpretation of the status indicator is appropriately mitigated.

(4) Clinical data must support the intended use and include the following:

(i) The assessment must include a summary of the clinical data used, including source, patient demographics, and any techniques used for annotating and separating the data;

(ii) Output measure(s) must be compared to an acceptable reference method to demonstrate that the output represents the measure(s) that the device provides in an accurate and reproducible manner;

(iii) The data set must be representative of the intended use population for the device. Any selection criteria or limitations of the samples must be fully described and justified;

(iv) Where continuous measurement variables are displayed, agreement of the output with the reference measure(s) must be assessed across the full measurement range; and

(v) Data must be provided within the clinical validation study or using equivalent datasets to demonstrate the consistency of the output and be representative of the range of data sources and data quality likely to be encountered in the intended use population and relevant use conditions in the intended use environment.

(5) Labeling must include the following:

(i) The type of sensor data used, including specification of compatible sensors for data acquisition, and a clear description of what the device measures and outputs to the user;

(ii) Warnings identifying factors that may impact output results;

(iii) Guidance for interpretation of the outputs, including warning(s) specifying adjunctive use of the measurements;

(iv) Key assumptions made in the calculation and determination of measurements; and

(v) A summary of the clinical validation data, including details of the patient population studied (e.g., age, gender, race/ethnicity), clinical study protocols, and device performance with confidence intervals for all intended use populations.

[87 FR 79254, Dec. 27, 2022]