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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

CFR - Code of Federal Regulations Title 21

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The information on this page is current as of April 1 2017.

For the most up-to-date version of CFR Title 21, go to the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations (eCFR).

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Help | More About 21CFR
[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 5]
[Revised as of April 1, 2017]
[CITE: 21CFR358]





TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
CHAPTER I--FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES
SUBCHAPTER D--DRUGS FOR HUMAN USE
 
PART 358MISCELLANEOUS EXTERNAL DRUG PRODUCTS FOR OVER-THE-COUNTER HUMAN USE
 

Subpart H--Drug Products for the Control of Dandruff, Seborrheic Dermatitis, and Psoriasis

Sec. 358.701 Scope.

(a) An over-the-counter dandruff, seborrheic dermatitis, or psoriasis drug product in a form suitable for topical application is generally recognized as safe and effective and is not misbranded if it meets each of the conditions in this subpart and each general condition established in 330.1 of this chapter.

(b) References in this subpart to regulatory sections of the Code of Federal Regulations are to chapter I of title 21 unless otherwise noted.

Sec. 358.703 Definitions.

As used in this subpart:

(a) Coal tar. The tar used for medicinal purposes that is obtained as a byproduct during the destructive distillation of bituminous coal at temperatures in the range of 900 deg. C to 1,100 deg. C. It may be further processed using either extraction with alcohol and suitable dispersing agents and maceration times or fractional distillation with or without the use of suitable organic solvents.

(b) Dandruff. A condition involving an increased rate of shedding of dead epidermal cells of the scalp.

(c) Psoriasis. A condition of the scalp or body characterized by irritation, itching, redness, and extreme excess shedding of dead epidermal cells.

(d) Seborrheic dermatitis. A condition of the scalp or body characterized by irritation, itching, redness, and excess shedding of dead epidermal cells.

(e) Selenium sulfide, micronized. Selenium sulfide that has been finely ground and that has a median particle size of approximately 5 micrometers ([micro]m), with not more than 0.1 percent of the particles greater than 15 [micro]m and not more than 0.1 percent of the particles less than 0.5 [micro]m.

[56 FR 63568, Dec. 4, 1991, as amended at 59 FR 4001, Jan. 28, 1994]

Sec. 358.710 Active ingredients for the control of dandruff, seborrheic dermatitis, or psoriasis.

The active ingredient of the product consists of any of the following within the specified concentration established for each ingredient:

(a) Active ingredients for the control of dandruff. (1) Coal tar, 0.5 to 5 percent. When a coal tar solution, derivative, or fraction is used as the source of the coal tar, the labeling shall specify the identity and concentration of the coal tar source used and the concentration of the coal tar present in the final product.

(2) Pyrithione zinc, 0.3 to 2 percent when formulated to be applied and then washed off after brief exposure.

(3) Pyrithione zinc, 0.1 to 0.25 percent when formulated to be applied and left on the skin or scalp.

(4) Salicylic acid, 1.8 to 3 percent.

(5) Selenium sulfide, 1 percent.

(6) Selenium sulfide, micronized, 0.6 percent.

(7) Sulfur, 2 to 5 percent.

(b) Active ingredients for the control of seborrheic dermatitis. (1) Coal tar, 0.5 to 5 percent. When a coal tar solution, derivative, or fraction is used as the source of the coal tar, the labeling shall specify the identity and concentration of the coal tar source used and the concentration of the coal tar present in the final product.

(2) Pyrithione zinc, 0.95 to 2 percent when formulated to be applied and then washed off after brief exposure.

(3) Pyrithione zinc, 0.1 to 0.25 percent when formulated to be applied and left on the skin or scalp.

(4) Salicylic acid, 1.8 to 3 percent.

(5) Selenium sulfide, 1 percent.

(c) Active ingredients for the control of psoriasis. (1) Coal tar, 0.5 to 5 percent. When a coal tar solution, derivative, or fraction is used as the source of the coal tar, the labeling shall specify the identity and concentration of the coal tar source used and the concentration of the coal tar present in the final product.

(2) Salicylic acid, 1.8 to 3 percent.

[56 FR 63568, Dec. 4, 1991, as amended at 59 FR 4001, Jan. 28, 1994]

Sec. 358.720 Permitted combinations of active ingredients.

(a) Combination of active ingredients for the control of dandruff. Salicylic acid identified in 358.710(a)(4) may be combined with sulfur identified in 358.710(a)(7) provided each ingredient is present within the established concentration and the product is labeled according to 358.750.

(b) Combination of control of dandruff and external analgesic active ingredients. Coal tar identified in 358.710(a)(1) may be used at a concentration of 1.8 percent coal tar solution, on a weight to volume basis, in combination with menthol, 1.5 percent, in a shampoo formulation provided the product is labeled according to 358.760.

[72 FR 9852, Mar. 6, 2007]

Sec. 358.750 Labeling of drug products for the control of dandruff, seborrheic dermatitis, or psoriasis.

(a) Statement of identity. The labeling of the product contains the established name of the drug, if any, and identifies the product with one or more of the following, as appropriate:

(1) "Dandruff (insert product form)" or "antidandruff (insert product form)".

(2) "Seborrheic dermatitis (insert product form)".

(3) "Psoriasis (insert product form)".

(b) Indications. The labeling of the product states, under the heading "Indications," the phrase listed in paragraph (b)(1) of this section and may contain any of the terms listed in paragraph (b)(2) or (b)(3) of this section. Other truthful and nonmisleading statements, describing only the indications for use that have been established and listed in paragraph (b) of this section, may also be used, as provided in 330.1(c)(2) of this chapter, subject to the provisions of section 502 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the act) relating to misbranding and the prohibition in section 301(d) of the act against the introduction or delivery for introduction into interstate commerce of unapproved new drugs in violation of section 505(a) of the act.

(1) ("For relief of" or "Controls") "the symptoms of" (select one or more of the following, as appropriate: "dandruff," "seborrheic dermatitis," and/or "psoriasis.")

(2) The following terms or phrases may be used in place of or in addition to the words "For the relief of" or "Controls" in the indications in paragraph (b)(1) of this section: "fights," "reduces," "helps eliminate," "helps stop," "controls recurrence of," "fights recurrence of," "helps prevent recurrence of," "reduces recurrence of," "helps eliminate recurrence of," "helps stop recurrence of."

(3) The following terms may be used in place of the words "the symptoms of" in the indications in paragraph (b)(1) of this section: ("skin" and/or "scalp," as appropriate) (select one or more of the following: "itching," "irritation," "redness," "flaking," "scaling,") "associated with."

(c) Warnings. The labeling of the product contains the following warnings under the heading "Warnings":

(1) For products containing any ingredient identified in 358.710. (i) "For external use only."

(ii) "Avoid contact with the eyes. If contact occurs, rinse eyes thoroughly with water."

(iii) "If condition worsens or does not improve after regular use of this product as directed, consult a doctor."

(2) For any product containing coal tar identified in 358.710(a), (b), or (c). (i) "Use caution in exposing skin to sunlight after applying this product. It may increase your tendency to sunburn for up to 24 hours after application."

(ii) "Do not use for prolonged periods without consulting a doctor."

(3) For products containing coal tar when formulated to be applied and left on the skin (e.g., creams, ointments, lotions). "Do not use this product in or around the rectum or in the genital area or groin except on the advice of a doctor."

(4) For products containing coal tar identified in 358.710(c) for the control of psoriasis. "Do not use this product with other forms of psoriasis therapy such as ultraviolet radiation or prescription drugs unless directed to do so by a doctor."

(5) For products containing any ingredient identified in 358.710(b) or (c) for the control of seborrheic dermatitis or psoriasis. "If condition covers a large area of the body, consult your doctor before using this product."

(d) Directions. The labeling of the product contains the following information under the heading "Directions." More detailed directions applicable to a particular product formulation may also be included.

(1) For products containing active ingredients for the control of dandruff, seborrheic dermatitis, or psoriasis when formulated to be applied and then washed off after brief (a few minutes) exposure (e.g, shampoos, preshampoo rinses, postshampoo rinses). "For best results use at least twice a week or as directed by a doctor."

(2) For products containing active ingredients for the control of dandruff, seborrheic dermatitis, or psoriasis when formulated so as to be applied and left on the skin or scalp (e.g., creams, ointments, lotions, hairgrooms). "Apply to affected areas one to four times daily or as directed by a doctor."

(3) For products containing active ingredients for the control of seborrheic dermatitis or psoriasis of the skin when formulated as soaps. "Use on affected areas in place of your regular soap."

(e) The word "physician" may be substituted for the word "doctor" in any of the labeling statements in this section.

Sec. 358.760 Labeling of permitted combinations of active ingredients for the control of dandruff.

The statement of identity, indications, warnings, and directions for use, respectively, applicable to each ingredient in the product may be combined to eliminate duplicative words or phrases so that the resulting information is clear and understandable.

(a) Statement of identity. For a combination drug product that has an established name, the labeling of the product states the established name of the combination drug product, followed by the statement of identity for each ingredient in the combination, as established in the statement of identity sections of the applicable OTC drug monographs.

(1) Combinations of control of dandruff and external analgesic active ingredients in 358.720(b). The label states "dandruff/anti-itch shampoo" or "antidandruff/anti-itch shampoo".

(2) [Reserved]

(b) Indications. The labeling of the product states, under the heading "Uses," one or more of the phrases listed in this paragraph (b), as appropriate. Other truthful and nonmisleading statements, describing only the uses that have been established and listed in this paragraph (b), may also be used, as provided in 330.1(c)(2) of this chapter, subject to the provisions of section 502 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the act) relating to misbranding and the prohibition in section 301(d) of the act against the introduction or delivery for introduction into interstate commerce of unapproved new drugs in violation of section 505(a) of the act.

(1) Combinations of control of dandruff and external analgesic active ingredients in 358.720(b). The labeling states "[bullet] [select one of the following: `for relief of' or `controls'] the symptoms of dandruff [bullet] [select one of the following: `additional' or `extra'] relief of itching due to dandruff".

(2) The following terms or phrases may be used in place of or in addition to the words "for the relief of" or "controls" in the indications in paragraph (b)(1) of this section: "fights," "reduces," "helps eliminate," "helps stop," "controls recurrence of," "fights recurrence of," "helps prevent recurrence of," "reduces recurrence of," "helps eliminate recurrence of," "helps stop recurrence of."

(3) The following terms may be used in place of the words "the symptoms of" in the indication in paragraph (b)(1) of this section: "scalp" (select one or more of the following: "itching," "irritation," "redness," "flaking," "scaling") "associated with".

(c) Warnings. The labeling of the product states, under the heading "Warnings," the warning(s) listed in 358.750(c)(1) and (c)(2).

(d) Directions. The labeling of the product states, under the heading "Directions," directions that conform to the directions established for each ingredient in the directions sections of the applicable OTC drug monographs, unless otherwise stated in this paragraph (d). When the time intervals or age limitations for administration of the individual ingredients differ, the directions for the combination product may not contain any dosage that exceeds those established for any individual ingredient in the applicable OTC drug monograph(s), and may not provide for use by any age group lower than the highest minimum age limit established for any individual ingredient.

(1) Combinations of control of dandruff and external analgesic active ingredients in 358.720(b). The labeling states "[bullet] wet hair [bullet] apply shampoo and work into a lather [bullet] rinse thoroughly [bullet] for best results, use at least twice a week or as directed by a doctor".

(2) [Reserved]

[72 FR 9852, Mar. 6, 2007]

Authority: 21 U.S.C. 321, 351, 352, 353, 355, 360, 371.
Source: 55 FR 33255, Aug. 14, 1990, unless otherwise noted.

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