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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Recognized Consensus Standards: Medical Devices

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Part B: Supplementary Information Sheet (SIS)
FR Recognition List Number 050 Date of Entry 09/17/2018 
FR Recognition Number 11-185
ASTM  F2267-04 (Reapproved 2018)
Standard Test Method for Measuring Load Induced Subsidence of Intervertebral Body Fusion Device Under Static Axial Compression
1.1 This test method specifies the materials and methods for the axial compressive subsidence testing of non-biologic intervertebral body fusion devices, spinal implants designed to promote arthrodesis at a given spinal motion segment.
1.2 This test method is intended to provide a basis for the mechanical comparison among past, present, and future nonbiologic intervertebral body fusion devices. This test method is intended to enable the user to mechanically compare intervertebral body fusion devices and does not purport to provide performance standards for intervertebral body fusion devices.
1.3 This test method describes a static test method by specifying a load type and a specific method of applying this load. This test method is designed to allow for the comparative evaluation of intervertebral body fusion devices.
1.4 Guidelines are established for measuring test block deformation and determining the subsidence of intervertebral body fusion devices.
1.5 Since some intervertebral body fusion devices require the use of additional implants for stabilization, the testing of these types of implants may not be in accordance with the manufacturer's recommended usage.
Extent of Recognition
Complete standard
Rationale for Recognition
This standard is relevant to medical devices and is recognized on its scientific and technical merit and/or because it supports existing regulatory policies.
Public Law, CFR Citation(s) and Procode(s)*
Regulation Number Device Name Device Class Product Code
§888.3060 Spinal Vertebral Body Replacement Device Class 2 MQP
§888.3080 Intervertebral Fusion Device With Bone Graft, Lumbar Class 2 MAX
§888.3080 Intervertebral Fusion Device With Bone Graft, Cervical Class 2 ODP
§888.3080 Intervertebral Fusion Device With Integrated Fixation, Lumbar Class 2 OVD
§888.3080 Intervertebral Fusion Device With Integrated Fixation, Cervical Class 2 OVE
N/A Prosthesis, Intervertebral Disc Class 3 MJO
Relevant FDA Guidance and/or Supportive Publications*
Guidance for Industry and FDA Staff: Preparation and Review of Investigational Device Exemption Applications (IDEs) for Total Artificial Discs, Issued April 2008

Guidance for Industry and FDA Staff: Class II Special Controls Guidance Document Intervertebral Body Fusion Device, Issued June 2007

Guidance for Industry and FDA Staff: Spinal System 510(k)s, Issued May 2004

Guidance for Industry and/or FDA Reviewers/Staff: Guidance Document for the Preparation of IDEs for Spinal Systems, Issued January 2000

Appropriate Use of Voluntary Consensus Standards in Premarket Submissions for Medical Devices - Guidance for Industry and Food and Drug Administration Staff, issued September 2018.
FDA Technical Contact
 Jonathan Peck
Standards Development Organization
ASTM ASTM International http://www.astm.org/
FDA Specialty Task Group (STG)
*These are provided as examples and others may be applicable.