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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Reference Standard Sequence Library (RSSL) for Seafood Identification

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This searchable database contains DNA reference barcode sequences (FASTA format) and other data for each of the specimens. Clicking on the link for a Scientific Name opens a detail page for that species that includes the DNA reference sequence for that specimen and additional data. Photographs are included for some species. The posted/modified date indicates when data for that sample was loaded or modified. The initial data for the sequence library were posted in November 2011.

Authentication and voucher information: All Vertebrate (V) specimens with a sample ID number beginning with "FDA" were authenticated and are currently vouchered at the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History disclaimer icon (NMNH).

All vertebrate specimens with a sample ID number beginning with "RFE" (collected 1993-1998) were authenticated and most are currently vouchered at the California Academy of Sciences disclaimer icon (CAS). Photographs of RFE specimens are available here.

All vertebrate specimens with a sample ID number beginning with either "PI" or "RP" were collected from commercial fish markets in the Philippine Islands and are currently vouchered at the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History disclaimer icon (NMNH).

Select species of puffer fish are vouchered at the National Museum of Nature and Science, Tokyo, Japan disclaimer icon (NMNST).

All Invertebrate specimens (I), or I(C) for Crustaceans, with sample ID numbers beginning with either "FDA" or "ULLZ" were authenticated and are currently vouchered at the University of Louisiana at Lafayette disclaimer icon (ULL).

All invertebrate specimens with sample ID numbers beginning with "NSIL" were authenticated by the National Marine Fisheries Service and provided by the NOAA National Seafood Inspection Laboratory.

Individual collection voucher reference numbers are provided where available.

FDA Acceptable Market Names and common names are derived from The Seafood List - FDA's Guide to Acceptable Market Names for Seafood Sold in Interstate Commerce where available. For Species not currently covered in the Seafood List (which are indicated by "n/a" in the Acceptable Market Name column), common names are taken from ITIS: Integrated Taxonomic Information System disclaimer icon, where available, or Fishbase disclaimer icon.

An asterisk (*) next to the Market Name indicates that a specific rule or regulation applies to that species. A dagger symbol (†) next to the Common Name identifies names that are prohibited by law. These symbols are provide here for reference only. Please refer to the Seafood List Guidance for information on common or usual names that are currently required by regulation or law.

JJapanese common names for specimens of Takifugu spp. are provided for reference.

Search within these results
Records Found: 1184 Show 50 records at a time
Sample ID Type Scientific Name
(sorted A-Z)
Common Name FDA Market Name Voucher Voucher Museum Date Posted Date Modified
RP095 V Abalistes stellatus Starry Triggerfish Triggerfish 408895 NMNH 02/2015
RP052 V Ablabys taenianotus Cockatoo Waspfish n/a 408852 NMNH 02/2015
RP013 V Abudefduf sexfasciatus Striptailed Damselfish n/a 408813 NMNH 02/2015
RP012 V Abudefduf vaigiensis Indo-Pacific Sergeant n/a 408812 NMNH 02/2015
RP217 V Acanthocepola krusensternii Red-spotted Bandfish n/a 407897 NMNH 02/2015
PI-0065 V Acanthopagrus pacificus Pacific Seabream n/a 403065 NMNH 02/2015
PI-0066 V Acanthopagrus pacificus Pacific Seabream n/a 403066 NMNH 02/2015
PI-0067 V Acanthopagrus pacificus Pacific Seabream n/a 403067 NMNH 02/2015
RP265 V Acanthurus dussumieri Eyestripe Surgeonfish n/a 407885 NMNH 02/2015
RP005 V Acanthurus leucocheilus Palelipped Surgeonfish n/a 408805 NMNH 02/2015
RP008 V Acanthurus lineatus Lined Surgeonfish n/a 408808 NMNH 02/2015
PI-0159 V Acanthurus mata Elongate Surgeonfish Tang or Surgeonfish 403159 NMNH 02/2015
RP149 V Acanthurus nigricans Whitecheek Surgeonfish n/a 408949 NMNH 02/2015
PI-0419 V Acanthurus nigricauda Epaulette Surgeonfish n/a 403419 NMNH 02/2015
RP268 V Acanthurus nigricauda Epaulette Surgeonfish n/a 407798 NMNH 02/2015
PI-0217 V Acanthurus pyroferus Yellowspot Surgeonfish n/a 403217 NMNH 02/2015
RP022 V Acanthurus triostegus Convict Tang n/a 408822 NMNH 02/2015
PI-0372 V Acanthurus xanthopterus Yellowfin Surgeonfish Tang or Surgeonfish 403372 NMNH 02/2015
ULLZ13518 I(C) Achelous binoculus Redspot Swimming Crab n/a ULLZ13518 ULL 02/2014
ULLZ13234 I(C) Achelous gibbesii Swimming Crab n/a  ULLZ13234 ULL 02/2014
ULLZ8734 I(C) Achelous gibbesii Swimming Crab n/a  ULLZ8734 ULL 02/2014
ULLZ11949 I(C) Achelous gibbesii Swimming Crab n/a  ULLZ11949 ULL 02/2014
ULLZ14420 I(C) Achelous ordwayi Redhair Swimming Crab n/a ULLZ14420 ULL 10/2016
ULLZ4527 I(C) Achelous sebae Ocellate Swimming Crab n/a ULLZ4527 ULL 10/2016
ULLZ12629 I(C) Achelous sebae Ocellate Swimming Crab n/a  ULLZ12629 ULL 10/2016
ULLZ14421 I(C) Achelous spinicarpus Longspine Swimming Crab n/a ULLZ14421 ULL 10/2016
ULLZ14322 I(C) Achelous spinimanus Blotched Swimming Crab n/a ULLZ14322 ULL 10/2016
ULLZ14419 I(C) Achelous spinimanus Blotched Swimming Crab n/a ULLZ14419 ULL 10/2016
USNM1408289 I(C) Achelous spinimanus Blotched Swimming Crab n/a USNM1408289 NMNH 12/2016 05/2018
USNM1408290 I(C) Achelous spinimanus Blotched Swimming Crab n/a USNM1408290 NMNH 12/2016 05/2018
FDA 271 V Acipenser baeri Siberian Sturgeon Sturgeon 418086 NMNH 08/2013
FDA 286 V Acipenser transmontanus White Sturgeon Sturgeon 410953 NMNH 07/2016
RP056 V Acreichthys tomentosus Bristle-tail Filefish n/a 408856 NMNH 02/2015
FDA 137 V Aethaloperca rogaa Redmouth Grouper Grouper 395490  NMNH 11/2011 
PI-0020 V Aethaloperca rogaa Redmouth Grouper Grouper 403020 NMNH 02/2015
FDA 132 V Alectis ciliaris African Pompano Pompano 395485 NMNH 11/2011
FDA 216 V Alectis ciliaris African Pompano Pompano 402358 NMNH 10/2012
PI-0382 V Alectis ciliaris African Pompano Pompano 403382 NMNH 02/2015
RP112 V Alepes djedaba Slender Yellowtail Kingfish n/a 408912 NMNH 02/2015
RP152 V Alepes kleinii Razorbelly Scad n/a 408952 NMNH 02/2015
FDA 112 V Alosa sapidissima American Shad Shad 395461 NMHN 11/2011
FDA 285 V Aluterus schoepfii Orange Filefish Filefish 421128 NMNH 09/2012
RP276 V Aluterus scriptus Scrawled Filefish n/a 407016 NMNH 02/2015
RP157 V Ambassis buruensis East Indian Glassfish n/a 408957 NMNH 02/2015
PI-0393 V Amblygaster sirm White Sardinella n/a 403393 NMNH 02/2015
PI-0466 V Amblygaster sirm White Sardinella n/a 403466 NMNH 02/2015
PI-0383 V Amblyglyphidodon curacao Clouded Damselfish n/a 403383 NMNH 02/2015
FDA 116 V Amblyraja radiata Thorny Skate Skate 395462 NMNH 11/2011
RFE 346 V Anarhichas lupus Atlantic Wolffish Wolffish 11/2011
RFE 351 V Anarhichas lupus Atlantic Wolffish Wolffish 11/2011 11/2013
FDA 205 V Anguilla rostrata American Eel Eel, Freshwater 402360 NMNH 10/2012 08/2013
FDA 240 V Anoplopoma fimbria Sablefish Sablefish 404988 NMNH 10/2012 08/2013
PI-0203 V Anyperodon leucogrammicus Slender Grouper Grouper 403203 02/2015
PI-0193 V Aphareus rutilans Rusty Jobfish Jobfish or Snapper 403193 NMNH 02/2015
FDA 297 V Aplodinotus grunniens Freshwater Drum Drum, Freshwater 437316 NMNH 07/2016
PI-0311 V Apogon chrysopomus Spotted-gill Cardinalfish n/a 403311 NMNH 02/2015
FDA 152 V Aprion virescens Green Jobfish Jobfish or Snapper 395506 NMNH 11/2011 11/2013
PI-0194 V Aprion virescens Green Jobfish Jobfish or Snapper 403194 NMNH 02/2015
FDA 37 V Archosargus probatocephalus Sheepshead Sheepshead 394053 NMNH 11/2011
FDA 63 V Archosargus probatocephalus Sheepshead Sheepshead 394175 NMNH 11/2011
RFE 284 V Archosargus probatocephalus Sheepshead Sheepshead C-92262 CAS 11/2011
RFE 285 V Archosargus probatocephalus Sheepshead Sheepshead C-92262 CAS 11/2011
RFE 286 V Archosargus probatocephalus Sheepshead Sheepshead C-92262 CAS 11/2011
RFE 287 V Archosargus probatocephalus Sheepshead Sheepshead C-92262 CAS 11/2011
FDA 197 V Arctoscopus japonicus Sailfin Sandfish n/a 404951 NMNH 10/2012
ULLZ9556 I(C) Arenaeus cribrarius Speckled Swimming Crab n/a  ULLZ9556 ULL 02/2014
ULLZ9114 I(C) Arenaeus mexicanus Speckled Crab n/a ULLZ9114 ULL 10/2016
ULLZ9116 I(C) Arenaeus mexicanus Speckled Crab n/a ULLZ9116 ULL 10/2016
PI-0364 V Ariomma brevimanum (Driftfish) n/a 403364 NMNH 02/2015
RP089 V Ariomma indicum Indian Driftfish n/a 408889 NMNH 02/2015
FDA 99 V Ariopsis felis Hardhead Sea Catfish (†) Whiskered Fish 395411 NMNH 11/2011
RP054 V Ariosoma scheelei Tropical Conger n/a 408854 NMNH 02/2015
ULLZ13502 I(C) Aristaeomorpha foliacea Giant Gamba Prawn n/a ULLZ13502 ULL 10/2016
RP274 V Arothron hispidus Poison Puffer n/a 407014 NMNH 02/2015
PI-0471 V Arothron immaculatus Immaculate Blowfish n/a 403471 NMNH 02/2015
PI-0472 V Arothron manilensis Striped Puffer n/a 403472 NMNH 02/2015
RP273 V Arothron manilensis Striped Puffer n/a 407403 NMNH 02/2015
PI-0476 V Arothron stellatus Starry Blowfish n/a 403476 NMNH 02/2015
RFE 509 V Atheresthes stomias Arrowtooth Flounder Flounder, Arrowtooth 11/2011 09/2013
RP140 V Atherinomorus lacunosus Wide-banded Hardyhead Silverside n/a 408940 NMNH 02/2015
PI-0176 V Atule mate Yellowtail Scad Scad 403176 NMNH 02/2015
RP270 V Aulostomus chinensis Painted Flute Mouth n/a 405777 NMNH 02/2015
PI-0144 V Auxis rochei Bullet Tuna Tuna (*) 403144 NMNH 02/2015
PI-0145 V Auxis rochei Bullet Tuna Tuna (*) 403145 NMNH 02/2015
PI-0146 V Auxis rochei Bullet Tuna Tuna (*) 403146 NMNH 02/2015
FDA 56 V Bagre marinus Gafftopsail Sea Catfish (†) Gafftopsail Fish or Gafftopsail Whiskered Fish 394170 NMNH 11/2011
FDA 237 V Bagre marinus Gafftopsail Sea Catfish (†) Gafftopsail Fish or Gafftopsail Whiskered Fish 404981 NMNH 10/2012
RP046 V Balistapus undulatus Orange-lined Triggerfish n/a 408846 NMNH 02/2015
FDA 59 V Balistes capriscus Gray Triggerfish Triggerfish 394169 NMNH 11/2011
FDA 218 V Balistes capriscus Gray Triggerfish Triggerfish 404971 NMNH 10/2012
FDA 78 V Balistes vetula Queen Triggerfish Triggerfish 394190 NMNH 11/2011
PI-0379 V Balistoides viridescens Bluefin Filefish n/a 403379 NMNH 02/2015
FDA 199 V Barbonymus altus Red Tailed Tinfoil Red Tailed Tinfoil 402364 NMNH 11/2014
PI-0405 V Bembrops caudimacula Opal Fish n/a 403405 NMNH 02/2015
PI-0410 V Bembrops caudimacula Opal Fish n/a 403410 NMNH 02/2015
RP068 V Bodianus mesothorax Eclipse Pigfish n/a 408868 NMNH 02/2015
PI-0450 V Bothus pantherinus Panther Flounder Flounder 403450 NMNH 02/2015
RP171 V Brachirus sorsogonensis One-eyed Sole n/a 405892 NMNH 02/2015
FDA 75 V Brama dussumieri Lowfin Pomfret Pomfret 394203 NMNH 11/2011
PI-0327 V Brama orcini Bigtooth Pomfret n/a 403327 NMNH 02/2015
RP045 V Brama pauciradiata Redlined Triggerfish n/a 408845 NMNH 02/2015
RFE 354 V Brosme brosme Cusk Cusk 11/2011
FDA 133 V Brotula barbata Bearded Brotula Brotula or Cuskeel 395486 NMNH 11/2011
RP026 V Brotula multibarbata Bearded Brotula n/a 408826 NMNH 02/2015
PI-0239 V Caesio caerulaurea Blue-and-gold Fusilier n/a 403239 NMNH 02/2015
PI-0113 V Caesio cuning Redbelly Yellowtail Fusilier n/a 403113 NMNH 02/2015
PI-0114 V Caesio cuning Redbelly Yellowtail Fusilier n/a 403114 NMNH 02/2015
PI-0115 V Caesio cuning Redbelly Yellowtail Fusilier n/a 403115 NMNH 02/2015
RP063 V Caesio lunaris Moon Caesio n/a 408863 NMNH 02/2015
PI-0181 V Caesio teres Yellow-and-blueback Fusilier n/a 403181 NMNH 02/2015
FDA 275 V Calamus bajonado Jolthead Porgy Porgy 418090 NMNH 08/2014
FDA 61 V Calamus leucosteus Whitebone Porgy Porgy 394172 NMNH 11/2011
ULLZ7864 I(C) Calappa flammea Flame Box Crab n/a  ULLZ7864 ULL 02/2014
ULLZ8154 I(C) Calappa flammea Flame Box Crab n/a  ULLZ8154 ULL 02/2014
NSILFBC-07 I(C) Calappa flammea Flame Box Crab n/a 02/2014
NSILYBC-05 I(C) Calappa sulcata Yellow Box Crab n/a 02/2014
ULLZ4650 I(C) Callinectes amnicola Swimming Crab n/a  ULLZ4650 ULL 02/2014
ULLZ11250 I(C) Callinectes arcuatus Arched Swimming Crab Crab, Swimming  ULLZ11250 ULL 02/2014
ULLZ7219 I(C) Callinectes arcuatus Arched Swimming Crab Crab, Swimming  ULLZ7219 ULL 02/2014
ULLZ7221 I(C) Callinectes arcuatus Arched Swimming Crab Crab, Swimming  ULLZ7221 ULL 02/2014
USNM1408275 I(C) Callinectes arcuatus Arched Swimming Crab Crab, Swimming USNM1408275 NMNH 05/2018
USNM1408276 I(C) Callinectes arcuatus Arched Swimming Crab Crab, Swimming USNM1408276 NMNH 05/2018
USNM1408278 I(C) Callinectes arcuatus Arched Swimming Crab Crab, Swimming USNM1408278 NMNH 12/2016 05/2018
USNM1408277 I(C) Callinectes arcuatus Arched Swimming Crab Crab, Swimming USNM1408277 NMNH 12/2016 05/2018
ULLZ4166 I(C) Callinectes bellicosus Cortez Swimming Crab Crab, Swimming ULLZ4166 ULL 02/2014
ULLZ11821 I(C) Callinectes bellicosus Cortez Swimming Crab Crab, Swimming ULLZ11821 ULL 02/2014
USNM1408284 I(C) Callinectes bocourti Bocourt Swimming Crab  n/a USNM1408284 NMNH 05/2018
USNM1408280 I(C) Callinectes bocourti Bocourt Swimming Crab  n/a USNM1408280 NMNH 12/2016 05/2018
USNM1408282 I(C) Callinectes bocourti Bocourt Swimming Crab  n/a USNM1408282 NMNH 12/2016 05/2018
USNM1408281 I(C) Callinectes bocourti Bocourt Swimming Crab  n/a USNM1408281 NMNH 12/2016 05/2018
USNM1408283 I(C) Callinectes bocourti Bocourt Swimming Crab  n/a USNM1408283 NMNH 12/2016 05/2018
USNM1408279 I(C) Callinectes bocourti Bocourt Swimming Crab  n/a USNM1408279 NMNH 12/2016 05/2018
ULLZ4649 I(C) Callinectes pallidus Swimming Crab n/a  ULLZ4649 ULL 02/2014
ULLZ4416 I(C) Callinectes rathbunae Sharptoothed Swimming Crab n/a  ULLZ4416 ULL 02/2014
FDA 254-1 I(C) Callinectes sapidus Blue Crab Crab, Blue ULLZ14983 ULL 08/2014
FDA 254-2 I(C) Callinectes sapidus Blue Crab Crab, Blue ULLZ14983 ULL 08/2014
ULLZ11401 I(C) Callinectes sapidus Blue Crab Crab, Blue ULLZ11401 ULL 02/2014
ULLZ13535 I(C) Callinectes sapidus Blue Crab Crab, Blue ULLZ13535 ULL 02/2014
FDA316 I(C) Callinectes sapidus Blue Crab Crab, Blue USNM1420994 NMNH 05/2018
ULLZ11251 I(C) Callinectes toxotes Giant Swimcrab Crab, Swimming  ULLZ11251 ULL 02/2014
USNM1408268 I(C) Callinectes toxotes Giant Swimming Crab Crab, Swimming USNM1408268 NMNH 05/2018
USNM1408270 I(C) Callinectes toxotes Giant Swimming Crab Crab, Swimming USNM1408270 NMNH 05/2018
USNM1408271 I(C) Callinectes toxotes Giant Swimming Crab Crab, Swimming USNM1408271 NMNH 12/2016 05/2018
USNM1408269 I(C) Callinectes toxotes Giant Swimming Crab Crab, Swimming USNM1408269 NMNH 12/2016 05/2018
PI-0269 V Calotomus carolinus Stareyed Parrotfish n/a 403269 NMNH 02/2015
PI-0348 V Calotomus spinidens Halftoothed Parrotfish n/a 403348 NMNH 02/2015
PI-0349 V Calotomus spinidens Halftoothed Parrotfish n/a 403349 NMNH 02/2015
ULLZ5509 I(C) Cancer borealis Jonah Crab Crab, Jonah ULLZ5509 ULL 02/2014
ULLZ3843 I(C) Cancer irroratus Atlantic Rock Crab Crab, Rock ULLZ3843 ULL 02/2014
FDA 71 V Canthidermis maculata Rough Triggerfish Triggerfish 394198 NMNH 11/2011
FDA 130 V Canthidermis sufflamen Ocean Triggerfish Triggerfish 395480 NMNH 11/2011
PI-0266 V Carangoides bajad Orangespotted Trevally n/a 403266 NMNH 02/2015
RP040 V Carangoides coeruleopinnatus Bluefin Kingfish n/a 408840 NMNH 02/2015
PI-0279 V Carangoides dinema Twothread Trevally n/a 403279 NMNH 02/2015
PI-0256 V Carangoides ferdau Yellowspotted Crevalle n/a 403256 NMNH 02/2015
RP256 V Carangoides ferdau Yellowspotted Crevalle n/a 407346 NMNH 02/2015
PI-0149 V Carangoides hedlandensis Bumpnose Trevally n/a 403149 NMNH 02/2015
PI-0150 V Carangoides hedlandensis Bumpnose Trevally n/a 403150 NMNH 02/2015
PI-0337 V Carangoides hedlandensis Bumpnose Trevally n/a 403337 NMNH 02/2015
PI-0280 V Carangoides oblongus Coachwhip Trevally n/a 403280 NMNH 02/2015
PI-0402 V Carangoides praeustus Brownbacked Trevally n/a 403402 NMNH 02/2015