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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

The Seafood List

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Updated August 2019

The Seafood List is FDA's Guide to Acceptable Market Names for Seafood sold in Interstate Commerce. It is available as a searchable database. The Main search page will display the Type, the Acceptable Market Name, the Common Name, and the Scientific Name. A hyperlink from the Scientific Name will open a Detail Page with additional information for that species. See the list below for more details.

The Acceptable Market Name (and some common names that are not prohibited by regulation or law) may be used to label seafood products in interstate commerce. When there is no Acceptable Market Name in The Seafood List, or to determine if a different particular name is an Acceptable Market Name for use in interstate commerce, consult the Principles in Section VI of the Seafood List Guidance.

For questions and feedback regarding The Seafood List, please contact the Division of Seafood Safety at 240-402-2300 or by email at seafoodhaccp@fda.gov. You may submit either electronic or written comments on The Seafood List at any time. To ensure that the Agency considers your comment on The Seafood List, submit electronic comments to http://www.regulations.gov. Submit written comments to the Division of Dockets Management (HFA-305), Food and Drug Administration, 5630 Fishers Lane, rm. 1061, Rockville, MD 20852. All comments should be identified with the docket number FDA-1994-D-0221 (formerly 94D-0265).

The Seafood List is updated every six months, as resources permit, and summaries of those updates are posted on the Seafood List Guidance page. These updates include new additions to The Seafood List, any modifications to the scientific name (once the updated scientific nomenclature is agreed upon by the scientific community), and removal of any species that are endangered and not allowed to be sold in interstate commerce (U.S endangered species list): https://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/species/index.htm.


The Seafood List contains the following information:

  • Type: V indicates Vertebrate, I indicates Invertebrate, and I(C) indicates Invertebrate (Crustacean)
  • Acceptable Market Name (or Names)
  • Common Name (usually an English language name established by ichthyologists and other fishery experts)
  • An asterisk (*) next to the Acceptable Market Name(s) in the Seafood List indicates that a specific rule or regulation applies to that species. A dagger symbol (†) next to the Common Name in The Seafood List identifies names that are prohibited by a law. Information on the specific rule, regulation, or law is displayed in the detailed information section (see below)
  • Scientific Names (Latin binaries)

A basic search on a name is the default search mode and is usually sufficient; however there is also an advanced search function when needed.

The Seafood List is sorted by default alphabetically (A to Z) on the Scientific Name column. Clicking on a different column heading in the Seafood List will sort the display alphabetically (A to Z) on the selected column; clicking on that heading a second time will sort the display in reverse order (Z to A).

Detailed information for a specific species is available by clicking on the Scientific Name hyperlink. A detail page will appear with the following information, if available.

  • Scientific Name (Latin binary).
  • Acceptable Market Name: an asterisk (*) next to the Acceptable Market Name indicates that a specific rule or regulation applies to that species. A hyperlink provides access to the applicable rule or regulation.
  • Common Name: A dagger symbol (†) next to the Common Name identifies names that are prohibited by a law. A hyperlink provides access to the applicable law.
  • The DNA hyperlink provides access to DNA sequence data (barcodes) available for all holdings with that Scientific name in the DNA Sequence Library. Clicking each of the hyperlinks on the results page opens a detail page for that specimen with the barcode and other data.
  • The RFE hyperlink provides access to Regulatory Fish Encyclopedia (RFE) images and data for that species.
  • The TSN hyperlink (Taxonomic Serial Number) provides access to taxonomic information from the Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS).   disclaimer icon
  • The HAZ hyperlink provides access to Chapter 3: Potential Species Related and Processed Related Food Safety Hazards [PDF, 2.5 Mb] in the Fish and Fishery Products Hazards and Controls Guidance (FFPHCG). Some of the species in The Seafood List do not have an active HAZ hyperlink. This does not mean that no hazard exists for this species. It is the responsibility of the processor to review the information in the FFPHCG to determine if a potential species or process related hazard exists for a particular species.
  • Vernacular (regional) names are displayed on the detail pages . They may be searched below in the database to identify the acceptable names for a species. However, they are not acceptable names; they are included in the List ONLY for cross-reference, and their use may cause the fish to be misbranded. This listing is not complete and does not account for many names used around the world.
  • The Seafood List data for Type, Market Name, Common Name, and Scientific Name may be downloaded as an Excel spreadsheet (.csv format; see below).

Note: The basic data in the Seafood List is available to download. This includes Type, Common Name, FDA Market Name(s), and Scientific Name. The Seafood List data is updated twice a year, and the available download data will reflect those changes. A (*) symbol next to the Market Name indicates that a regulation pertains to that species; a dagger symbol (†) next to a Common Name indicates that a law pertains to that species. See the introduction above or the Seafood List Guidance for additional information.

The output is an Excel .csv file which may be opened or saved. It may be resaved as a standard Excel spreadsheet. Click on the Download Data link below to access the data.

Download The Seafood List data in Microsoft Excel web format Download data from this searchable database in Excel format. If you need help accessing information in different file formats, see Instructions for Downloading Viewers and Players.
Search within these results
Records Found: 1967 Show 50 records at a time
Type Acceptable Market Name(s) Common Name Scientific Name
(sorted A-Z)
V Triggerfish Starry Triggerfish Abalistes stellatus
V Bream Bream Abramis brama
V Sergeant-major Sergeant-major Abudefduf saxatilis
V Surgeonfish Blackspot Sergeant Abudefduf sordidus
V Sea Bass Argentine Sea Bass Acanthistius brasilianus
I Cockle Spiny Cockle Acanthocardia aculeata
I Cockle Knotted Cockle Acanthocardia tuberculata
V Wahoo Wahoo Acanthocybium solandri
V Porgy or Sea Bream River Bream Acanthopagrus berda
V Cowfish Honeycomb Cowfish Acanthostracion polygonius
V Cowfish Scrawled Cowfish Acanthostracion quadricornis
V Surgeonfish or Tang Redtail Surgeonfish Acanthurus achilles
V Tang or Surgeonfish Doctorfish Acanthurus chirurgus
V Tang or Surgeonfish Blue Tang Acanthurus coeruleus
V Surgeonfish Palani Acanthurus dussumieri
V Surgeonfish Dusky Surgeonfish Acanthurus gahhm
V Tang or Surgeonfish Striped Surgeonfish Acanthurus mata
V Surgeonfish Brown Surgeonfish Acanthurus nigrofuscus
V Tang or Surgeonfish Bluelined Surgeon Acanthurus nubilus
V Surgeonfish Orangespot Surgeonfish Acanthurus olivaceus
V Tang or Surgeonfish Convict Surgeonfish Acanthurus triostegus
V Tang or Surgeonfish Yellowfin Surgeonfish Acanthurus xanthopterus
I Snail or Escargot Giant African Snail Achatina fulica
V Sturgeon Siberian Sturgeon Acipenser baerii
V Sturgeon Yangtze Sturgeon Acipenser dabryanus
V Sturgeon Lake Sturgeon Acipenser fulvescens
V Sturgeon Russian Sturgeon Acipenser gueldenstaedtii
V Sturgeon Green Sturgeon Acipenser medirostris
V Sturgeon Japanese Sturgeon Acipenser multiscutatus
V Sturgeon Thorn Sturgeon Acipenser nudiventris
V Sturgeon Atlantic Sturgeon Acipenser oxyrinchus
V Sturgeon Sterlet Acipenser ruthenus
V Sturgeon Amur Sturgeon Acipenser schrenckii
V Sturgeon Stellate Sturgeon Acipenser stellatus
V Sturgeon White Sturgeon Acipenser transmontanus
I Scallop Red-ribbed Scallop Aequipecten glyptus
V Grouper Redmouth Grouper Aethaloperca rogaa
V Ray, Eagle Spotted Eagle Ray Aetobatus narinari
V Mullet Mountain Mullet Agonostomus monticola
V Gangetic Ailia Gangetic Ailia Ailia coila
V Kajuli Jamuna Ailia Ailichthys punctatus
V Grenadier Giant Rattail Albatrossia pectoralis
V Bonefish Bonefish Albula vulpes
V Mullet Yelloweye Mullet Aldrichetta forsteri
V Pompano African Pompano Alectis ciliaris
V Jack or Crevalle Indian Threadfish Alectis indicus
V Alligator American Alligator Alligator mississippiensis
V Alligator Chinese Alligator Alligator sinensis
V Oreo Dory or Deep Sea Dory Black Oreo Dory Allocyttus niger
V Smelt Whitebait Smelt Allosmerus elongatus
V Tuna (*) Slender Tuna Allothunnus fallai
V Shark, Thresher Pelagic Thresher Shark Alopias pelagicus
V Shark, Thresher Bigeye Thresher Shark Alopias superciliosus
V Shark, Thresher Common Thresher Shark Alopias vulpinus
V Herring or River Herring Blueback Herring Alosa aestivalis
V Shad Twaite Shad Alosa agone
V Shad Alabama Shad Alosa alabamae
V Shad Allis Shad Alosa alosa
V Herring or River Herring Skipjack Herring Alosa chrysochloris
V Shad Hickory Shad Alosa mediocris
V Alewife or River Herring Alewife Alosa pseudoharengus
V Shad American Shad Alosa sapidissima
V Hamlet, Mutton Mutton Hamlet Alphestes afer
V Filefish Unicorn Filefish Aluterus monoceros
V Filefish Orange Filefish Aluterus schoepfii
V Bass Roanoke Bass Ambloplites cavifrons
V Bass Ozark Bass Ambloplites constellatus
V Bass Rock Bass Ambloplites rupestris
V Carplet or Mola Mola Carplet Amblypharyngodon mola
V Skate Thorny Skate Amblyraja radiata
V Catfish White Catfish Ameiurus catus
V Bullhead or Catfish Black Bullhead Ameiurus melas
V Bullhead Yellow Bullhead Ameiurus natalis
V Bullhead or Catfish Brown Bullhead Ameiurus nebulosus
V Bullhead Flat Bullhead Ameiurus platycephalus
V Bowfin Bowfin Amia calva
V Sand Lance American Sand Lance Ammodytes americanus
V Sand Lance Northern Sand Lance Ammodytes dubius
V Sand Lance Pacific Sand Lance Ammodytes hexapterus
V Sand Lance (Sand Lances) Ammodytes spp.
V Cichlid Pastel Cichlid Amphilophus alfari
V Cichlid Midas Cichlid Amphilophus citrinellus
V Cichlid or Carate Red Breast Cichlid Amphilophus longimanus
V Surfperch Barred Surfperch Amphistichus argenteus
V Surfperch Calico Surfperch Amphistichus koelzi
V Surfperch Redtail Surfperch Amphistichus rhodoterus
I Scallop Scallop Saucer Amusium japonicum
I Scallop Paper Scallop Amusium papyraceum
I Scallop Thailand moon scallop Amusium pleuronectes
V Climbing Perch Climbing Perch Anabas testudineus
I Arkshell Skewed Ark Anadara baughmani
I Arkshell Mogai Clam Anadara subcrenata
V Wolffish Northern Wolffish Anarhichas denticulatus
V Wolffish Atlantic Wolffish Anarhichas lupus
V Wolffish Spotted Wolffish Anarhichas minor
V Wolffish Bering Wolffish Anarhichas orientalis
V Wolffish (Wolffish) Anarhichas spp.
V Anchovy Key Anchovy Anchoa cayorum
V Anchovy Deepbody Anchovy Anchoa compressa
V Anchovy Slough Anchovy Anchoa delicatissima
V Anchovy Striped Anchovy Anchoa hepsetus
V Anchovy Dusky Anchovy Anchoa lyolepis
V Anchovy Bay Anchovy Anchoa mitchilli
V Anchovy Anchovy Anchoviella lepidentostole
V Anchovy Flat Anchovy Anchoviella perfasciata
V Flounder Three-eye Flounder Ancylopsetta dilecta
V Eel European Eel Anguilla anguilla
V Eel Short-finned Eel Anguilla australis
V Eel Long-finned Eel Anguilla dieffenbachii
V Eel Japanese Eel Anguilla japonica
V Eel, Freshwater American Eel Anguilla rostrata
V Grunt or Sargo Sargo Anisotremus davidsonii
V Grunt Burrito Grunt Anisotremus interruptus
V Grunt or Margate Black Margate Anisotremus surinamensis
V Grunt or Catalina Catalina Anisotremus taeniatus
V Grunt or Porkfish Porkfish Anisotremus virginicus
V Sablefish Sablefish Anoplopoma fimbria
V Boarfish Deepbody Boarfish Antigonia capros
V Boarfish Shortspine Boarfish Antigonia combatia
V Cod, Morid Blue Antimora Antimora rostrata
V Grouper Slender Grouper Anyperodon leucogrammicus
V Turtle (Softshell Turtles) Apalone spp.
V Cutlassfish Black Scabbardfish Aphanopus carbo
V Jobfish or Snapper Smalltooth Jobfish Aphareus furca
V Jobfish or Snapper Rusty Jobfish Aphareus rutilans
V Drum, Freshwater Freshwater Drum Aplodinotus grunniens
V Chiring Chiring Apocryptes bato
I Sea Cucumber Sea Cucumber Apostichopus spp.
V Jobfish or Snapper Green Jobfish Aprion virescens
V Snapper Black Snapper Apsilus dentatus
V Snapper African Forktail Snapper Apsilus fuscus
I Pirarucu or Paima Arapaima Arapaima gigas
I(C) Cockle Blood Cockle Arca granosa
I Arkshell Mossy Ark Arca imbricata
I Arkshell Noah's Ark Arca noae
I Arkshell Turkey Wing Arca zebra
V Sunfish Sacramento Perch Archoplites interruptus
V Sheepshead Sheepshead Archosargus probatocephalus
V Sea Bream Sea Bream Archosargus rhomboidalis
I Clam, Hard Ocean Quahog Arctica islandica
V Cod Toothed Cod Arctogadus borisovi
V Cod Polar Cod Arctogadus glacialis
V Argentine Silverside Argentina elongata
V Smelt Great Silver Smelt Argentina silus
V Smelt Lesser Silver Smelt Argentina sphyraena
I Scallop Scallop Argopecten aequisulcatus
I Scallop, Calico Atlantic Calico Scallop Argopecten gibbus
I Scallop or Bay Scallop Bay Scallop Argopecten irradians
I Scallop Lined Scallop Argopecten lineolaris
I Scallop Nucleus Scallop Argopecten nucleus
I Scallop Peruvian Scallop Argopecten purpuratus
I Scallop, Calico Pacific Calico Scallop Argopecten ventricosus
V Bream Taiwan Tai Argyrops bleekeri
V Bream Long-spined Red Bream Argyrops spinifer
V Croaker Cob Argyrosomus hololepidotus
V Croaker Japanese Croaker Argyrosomus japonicus
V Croaker or Shadefish Meagre Argyrosomus regius
V Whiskered Fish Hardhead Catfish (†) Ariopsis felis
V Eel, Conger Bandtooth Conger Ariosoma balearicum
I(C) Shrimp or Prawn Giant Gamba Prawn Aristeomorpha foliacea
V Flounder Witch Arnoglossus scapha
V Puffer (Puffers) Arothron spp.
V Kahawai Australian Ruff Arripis georgianus
V Kahawai Kahawai Arripis trutta
V Sole Milky Spotted Sole Aseraggodes kobensis
V Sole Narrowbanded Sole Aseraggodes macleayanus
I(C) Crawfish or Crayfish (Crayfishes) Astacus spp.
V Oscar Oscar Astronotus ocellatus
V Flounder Kamchatka Flounder Atheresthes evermanni
V Flounder, Arrowtooth Arrowtooth Flounder Atheresthes stomias
V Silverside Big-Scale Smelt Atherina boyeri
V Silverside Topsmelt Atherinops affinis
V Silverside Jacksmelt Atherinopsis californiensis
V Seabass White Seabass Atractoscion nobilis
V Gar Alligator Gar Atractosteus spatula
I Pen Shell Pen Shell Atrina pectinata
I Penshell Sawtooth Penshell Atrina serrata
V Croaker Blackmouth Croaker Atrobucca nibe
V Scad Yellowtail Scad Atule mate
I Mussel Cholga Mussel Aulacomya ater
V Trumpetfish Atlantic Trumpetfish Aulostomus maculatus
V Sole West Coast Sole Austroglossus microlepis
V Sole Mud Sole Austroglossus pectoralis
I Clam, Venus New Zealand Cockle Austrovenus stutchburyi
V Tuna (*) Bullet Tuna Auxis rochei
V Tuna (*) Frigate Tuna Auxis thazard
I Whelk or Sea Snail Maculated Ivory Whelk Babylonia areolata
V Goonch or Ayres Goonch Bagarius bagarius
V Sucker Catfishes (†) Bagarius spp.
V Goonch Bagarius yarrelli
V Gafftopsail Fish or Gafftopsail Whiskered Fish Gafftopsail Catfish (†) Bagre marinus
V Perch, Silver Silver Perch Bairdiella chrysoura
I(C) Barnacle Balanus spp.
V Triggerfish Gray Triggerfish Balistes capriscus
V Triggerfish Queen Triggerfish Balistes vetula
I Arkshell Arkshell Barbatia cancellaria
I Arkshell Barbatia spp.
V Red Tailed Tinfoil or Barb Red Tail Tinfoil Barbonymus altus
V Barb Tawes Barbonymus gonionotus
V Barb Tinfoil Barb Barbonymus schwanenfeldii
V Silverside South American Silverside Basilichthys australis
V Eel, Conger Sea Eel Bathycongrus aequoreus
V Skate Aleutian Skate Bathyraja aleutica
V Skate Sandpaper Skate Bathyraja interrupta
V Skate Alaska Skate Bathyraja parmifera
V Skate Spinytail Skate Bathyraja spinicauda
V Skate Roughtail Skate Bathyraja trachura
V Toadfish or Packoo Pacuma Toadfish Batrachoides surinamensis
I Squid or Calamari Magistrate Armhook Squid Berryteuthis magister
V Alfonsino Red Bream Beryx decadactylus
V Alfonsino Alfonsin a Casta Beryx splendens
V Hogfish Spotfin Hogfish Bodianus pulchellus
V Hogfish Spanish Hogfish Bodianus rufus
V Parrotfish Green Humphead Parrotfish Bolbometopon muricatum
V Bream or Bogue Bogue Boops boops
V Cod Arctic Cod Boreogadus saida
V Flounder Peacock Flounder Bothus lunatus
V Flounder Tropical Flounder Bothus mancus
V Flounder Eyed Flounder Bothus ocellatus
V Flounder Panther Flounder Bothus pantherinus
V Bengal Loach Bengal Loach Botia dario
V Sole Oriental Sole Brachirus orientalis
V Lau-lau Lau-lau Brachyplatystoma filamentosum
V Piramutaba Piramutaba Brachyplatystoma vaillantii
V Pomfret Southern Rays Bream Brama australis
V Pomfret Atlantic Pomfret Brama brama
V Pomfret Lowfin Pomfret Brama dussumieri
V Pomfret Pacific Pomfret Brama japonica
V Menhaden Finescale Menhaden Brevoortia gunteri
V Menhaden Gulf Menhaden Brevoortia patronus
V Menhaden Yellowfin Menhaden Brevoortia smithi
V Menhaden Atlantic Menhaden Brevoortia tyrannus
V Cusk Cusk Brosme brosme
V Brotula or Cuskeel Bearded Brotula Brotula barbata
V Brotula or Cuskeel Pacific Bearded Brotula Brotula clarkae
I Whelk or Sea Snail Buccinum spp.
V Yellow Sole or Sole Solenette Buglossidium luteum
I Whelk or Sea Snail Busycon spp.
I Whelk Channeled Whelk Busycotypus canaliculatus
I Whelk Pear Whelk Busycotypus spiratus