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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

FDA Poisonous Plant Database

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AUTHOR(S): Petkov, V.
TITLE: Plants with hypotensive, antiatheromatous and coronarodilating action.
YEAR: 1979 CITATION: Am J Chin Med, 7(3), 197-236 [English]
FDA #: F04682
ABSTRACT: However great the success in the therapy of hypertension, atherosclerosis and ischemic heart disease has been gained today by recent efficient drugs, the definite healing of patients is not yet attained. The late discovery of reserpine, such an efficient drug of plant origin against hypertension, convinced so far reluctant scientists to consider the chemical compounds of the plant world. With respect to this traditional medical knowledge, it seems necessary to define more accurately the specificity of these healings-sometimes recommended unspecifically for a whole branch of medicine. This experimental verification should not use inconsiderately the present-day classification of diseases; there should be an awareness that conventional experimental methods in pharmacology are often unsuitable for revealing the real biological activity of one or another medicinal plant. The interest in the millennial empirical field of health care is acknowledged by the World Health Organization which promotes research and development of traditional medicine, along with investigations into its psychosocial and ethnographic aspects. These studies cover a number of plants growing in Bulgaria that have a healing effect in hypertension, atherosclerosis and ischemic heart disease according to the data of traditional medicine. Using screening methods, extracts and chemically pure substances were investigated; extraction was done with solvents such as water, ether, chloroform, dichloretan, ethanol, methanol, and acetone. Most of the experiments were carried out on anesthetized cats, rabbits and dogs. The substances tested were applied mainly intravenously, and in some experiments orally. Chronic experiments were also carried out on wakeful dogs with induced hypertension, on animals fed on an atherogenic diet, and on animals with induced arrhythmia and coronary spasm. Data are presented of clinical examination of some plants or of active substances isolated from them. Major results of these studies are presented for the following plants: Garlic, Geranium; Hellebore; Mistletoe; Olive; Valerian; Hawthorn; Pseucedanum arenarium; Periwinkle; Fumitory. For another 50 plants growing in Bulgaria and in other countries the author presents his and other investigators' experimental and clinical data about hypotensive, antiatheromatous and coronarodilatating action.
GRIN #: 25913 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYLamiaceae
LATIN NAMEOriganum vulgare
STANDARD PLANT NAMEOriganum vulgare L.
GRIN #: 26307 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYPaeoniaceae
LATIN NAMEPaeonia anomala
STANDARD PLANT NAMEPaeonia anomala L.
GRIN #: 406685 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYApiaceae
LATIN NAMEPastinaca sativa L.
STANDARD PLANT NAMEPastinaca sativa L. subsp. sativa
GRIN #: 413414 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: purple butterbur
FAMILYAsteraceae
LATIN NAMEPetasites officinalis (L.) Moench
STANDARD PLANT NAMEPetasites hybridus (L.) P. Gaertn. et al.
GRIN #: 27448 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: parsley
FAMILYApiaceae
LATIN NAMEPetroselinum sativum
STANDARD PLANT NAMEPetroselinum crispum (Mill.) Nyman ex A. W. Hill
GRIN #: 102385 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYSolanaceae
LATIN NAMEPetunia hybrida
STANDARD PLANT NAMEPetunia x hybrida hort. ex E. Vilm.
GRIN #: 1786 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: agrimony
FAMILYRosaceae
LATIN NAMEAgrimonia eupatoria
STANDARD PLANT NAMEAgrimonia eupatoria L.
GRIN #: 417465 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYAlangiaceae
LATIN NAMEAlangium lamarckii Thw.
STANDARD PLANT NAMEAlangium lamarckii Thwaites
GRIN #: 2368 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME: garlic
STANDARD COMMON NAME: garlic
FAMILYAlliaceae
LATIN NAMEAllium sativum L.
STANDARD PLANT NAMEAllium sativum L.
GRIN #: 2413 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYAlliaceae
LATIN NAMEAllium ursinum
STANDARD PLANT NAMEAllium ursinum L.
FDA #: F04682
GRIN #: 460G Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYApocynaceae
LATIN NAMEAlstonia
STANDARD PLANT NAMEAlstonia sp.
GRIN #: 2900 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: khella
FAMILYApiaceae
LATIN NAMEAmmi visnaga L.
STANDARD PLANT NAMEAmmi visnaga (L.) Lam.
GRIN #: 3138 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYEricaceae
LATIN NAMEAndromeda polyfolia
STANDARD PLANT NAMEAndromeda polifolia L.
GRIN #: 4234 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: horseradish
FAMILYBrassicaceae
LATIN NAMECochlearia armoracia L.
STANDARD PLANT NAMEArmoracia rusticana P. Gaertn. et al.
GRIN #: 4463 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: asarabacca
FAMILYAristolochiaceae
LATIN NAMEAsarum europeum
STANDARD PLANT NAMEAsarum europaeum L.
GRIN #: 70905 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME: fumitory
STANDARD COMMON NAME: fumitory
FAMILYFumariaceae
LATIN NAMEFumaria officinalis
STANDARD PLANT NAMEFumaria officinalis L.
GRIN #: 423 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME: geranium
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYGeraniaceae
LATIN NAMEGeranium macrorrhizum L.
STANDARD PLANT NAMEGeranium macrorrhizum L.
GRIN #: 17518 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: avens
FAMILYRosaceae
LATIN NAMEGeum urbanum
STANDARD PLANT NAMEGeum urbanum L.
GRIN #: 17641 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: gleditsia
FAMILYFabaceae
LATIN NAMEGleditschia triacanta L.
STANDARD PLANT NAMEGleditsia triacanthos L.
GRIN #: 18131 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYCaryophyllaceae
LATIN NAMEGypsophila paniculata L.
STANDARD PLANT NAMEGypsophila paniculata L.
GRIN #: 104335 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYAsteraceae
LATIN NAMEHelichrysum arenarium
STANDARD PLANT NAMEHelichrysum arenarium (L.) Moench.
GRIN #: 19094 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYMalvaceae
LATIN NAMEHibiscus syriacus
STANDARD PLANT NAMEHibiscus syriacus L.
GRIN #: 104350 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: mouse-ear hawkweed
FAMILYAsteraceae
LATIN NAMEHieracium pilosella
STANDARD PLANT NAMEHieracium pilosella L.
GRIN #: 314991 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYLamiaceae
LATIN NAMELamium album
STANDARD PLANT NAMELamium album L.
GRIN #: 22014 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: lovage
FAMILYApiaceae
LATIN NAMELevisticum off.
STANDARD PLANT NAMELevisticum officinale W. D. J. Koch
GRIN #: 102290 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: toadflax
FAMILYScrophulariaceae
LATIN NAMELinaria vulgaris
STANDARD PLANT NAMELinaria vulgaris Mill.
GRIN #: 23108 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: southern magnolia
FAMILYMagnoliaceae
LATIN NAMEMagnolia grandiflora L.
STANDARD PLANT NAMEMagnolia grandiflora L.
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYApocynaceae
LATIN NAMEMalonetia tamaquarina
STANDARD PLANT NAMEMalouetia tamaquarina (Aubl.) A. DC.
GRIN #: 316261 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYMagnoliaceae
LATIN NAMEMichelia fuscata Blume
STANDARD PLANT NAMEMichelia figo (Lour.) Spreng.
GRIN #: 410928 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: jatamansi
FAMILYValerianaceae
LATIN NAMENardostachys jatamansioc
STANDARD PLANT NAMENardostachys grandiflora DC.
GRIN #: 400800 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME: olive
STANDARD COMMON NAME: olive
FAMILYOleaceae
LATIN NAMEOlea europea
STANDARD PLANT NAMEOlea europaea L. subsp. europaea
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYOleaceae
LATIN NAMEOpilia celtidifolia
STANDARD PLANT NAMEOpilia celtidifolia Endl. ex Walp.
FDA #: F04682
GRIN #: 1060G Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYApocynaceae
LATIN NAMEAspidosperma
STANDARD PLANT NAMEAspidosperma sp.
GRIN #: 407529 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYFabaceae
LATIN NAMEAstragalus dasyanthus Pall.
STANDARD PLANT NAMEAstragalus dasyanthus Pall.
GRIN #: 5824 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: astragalus
FAMILYFabaceae
LATIN NAMEAstragalus membranaceus
STANDARD PLANT NAMEAstragalus membranaceus (Fisch. ex Link) Bunge
GRIN #: 5857 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYFabaceae
LATIN NAMEAstragalus ponticum
STANDARD PLANT NAMEAstragalus ponticus Pall.
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYFabaceae
LATIN NAMEAstragalus tricicum
STANDARD PLANT NAMEAstragalus tracicum
GRIN #: 102292 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: bacopa
FAMILYScrophulariaceae
LATIN NAMEBacopa monnieri (L.) Penn.
STANDARD PLANT NAMEBacopa monnieri (L.) Pennell
GRIN #: 9167 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYAsteraceae
LATIN NAMECarlina acanthifolia
STANDARD PLANT NAMECarlina acanthifolia All.
GRIN #: 108 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYRanunculaceae
LATIN NAMEClematis recta
STANDARD PLANT NAMEClematis recta L.
GRIN #: 11287 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: field bindweed
FAMILYConvolvulaceae
LATIN NAMEConvolvulus arvensis L.
STANDARD PLANT NAMEConvolvulus arvensis L.
GRIN #: 11697 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYAnacardiaceae
LATIN NAMERhus cotinus
STANDARD PLANT NAMECotinus coggygria Scop.
GRIN #: 12116 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME: hawthorn
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYRosaceae
LATIN NAMECrataegus oxyacantha
STANDARD PLANT NAMECrataegus ×lavallei Hérincq ex Lavallée
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYRosaceae
LATIN NAMECrataegus curvisepala
STANDARD PLANT NAMECrataegus curvisepala Lindm.
GRIN #: 12122 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME: hawthorn
STANDARD COMMON NAME: hawthorn
FAMILYRosaceae
LATIN NAMECrataegus monogina
STANDARD PLANT NAMECrataegus monogyna Jacq.
GRIN #: 12132 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYRosaceae
LATIN NAMECrataegus pentagyna W. et K.
STANDARD PLANT NAMECrataegus pentagyna Waldst. & Kit. ex Willd.
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYApiaceae
LATIN NAMEDaucus sativum (Hoffm.) Roehl.
STANDARD PLANT NAMEDaucus sativum (Hoffm.) Roehl.
GRIN #: 16126 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: eucommia
FAMILYEucommiaceae
LATIN NAMEEucommia ulmoides Oliver
STANDARD PLANT NAMEEucommia ulmoides Oliv.
GRIN #: 400212 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: eyebright
FAMILYScrophulariaceae
LATIN NAMEEuphrasia off.
STANDARD PLANT NAMEEuphrasia rostkoviana Hayne
GRIN #: 17105 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: meadowsweet
FAMILYRosaceae
LATIN NAMESpirea ulmaria
STANDARD PLANT NAMEFilipendula ulmaria (L.) Maxim.
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYApiaceae
LATIN NAMEPeucedanum arenarium W. K.
STANDARD PLANT NAMEPeucedanum arenarium Waldst. & Kit.
GRIN #: 406723 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYApiaceae
LATIN NAMEPhlojodicarpus sibericus (Steph.) K.-Pol.
STANDARD PLANT NAMEPhlojodicarpus sibiricus (Stephan ex Spreng.) Koso-Pol.
FDA #: F04682
GRIN #: 9730G Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYApocynaceae
LATIN NAMEPicralima
STANDARD PLANT NAMEPicralima sp.
GRIN #: 315595 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: burnet saxifrage
FAMILYApiaceae
LATIN NAMEPimpinella saxifraga
STANDARD PLANT NAMEPimpinella saxifraga L.
GRIN #: 28829 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: forskohlii
FAMILYLamiaceae
LATIN NAMEColeus forskonli
STANDARD PLANT NAMEPlectranthus barbatus Andrews
GRIN #: 30895 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: rauwolfia
FAMILYApocynaceae
LATIN NAMERauwolfia serpentina Benth.
STANDARD PLANT NAMERauvolfia serpentina (L.) Benth. ex Kurz
GRIN #: 31845 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: black currant
FAMILYGrossulariaceae
LATIN NAMERibes nigrum L.
STANDARD PLANT NAMERibes nigrum L.
GRIN #: 32527 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYPolygonaceae
LATIN NAMERumex confertus
STANDARD PLANT NAMERumex confertus Willd.
GRIN #: 32813 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYChenopodiaceae
LATIN NAMESalsola richteri Karel
STANDARD PLANT NAMESalsola richleri (Moq.) Kar. ex Litv.
GRIN #: 33421 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: figwort
FAMILYScrophulariaceae
LATIN NAMEScrophylaria nodosa
STANDARD PLANT NAMEScrophularia nodosa L.
GRIN #: 33424 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: Chinese skullcap
FAMILYLamiaceae
LATIN NAMEScutellaria baicalensis Georgi
STANDARD PLANT NAMEScutellaria baicalensis Georgi
GRIN #: 34927 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: European goldenrod
FAMILYAsteraceae
LATIN NAMESolidago virgaaurea
STANDARD PLANT NAMESolidago virgaurea L.
GRIN #: 316844 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYLamiaceae
LATIN NAMEStachys annua L.
STANDARD PLANT NAMEStachys annua (L.) L.
GRIN #: 36020 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: comfrey
FAMILYBoraginaceae
LATIN NAMESymphytum officinale
STANDARD PLANT NAMESymphytum officinale L.
GRIN #: 80070 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: English yew
FAMILYTaxaceae
LATIN NAMETaxus baccata Linn.
STANDARD PLANT NAMETaxus baccata L.
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYRanunculaceae
LATIN NAMEThalictrum longistylum
STANDARD PLANT NAMEThalictrum longistylum DC.
GRIN #: 36444 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYRanunculaceae
LATIN NAMEThalictrum minus
STANDARD PLANT NAMEThalictrum minus L.
GRIN #: 400139 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME: valerian
STANDARD COMMON NAME: valerian
FAMILYValerianaceae
LATIN NAMEValeriana officinalis
STANDARD PLANT NAMEValeriana officinalis L.
GRIN #: 41134 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME: hellebore
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYMelanthiaceae
LATIN NAMEVeratrum lobelianum Bernh.
STANDARD PLANT NAMEVeratrum album L.
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYScrophulariaceae
LATIN NAMEVerbascum nobile
STANDARD PLANT NAMEVerbascum nobile Vel.
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYScrophulariaceae
LATIN NAMEVerbascum tapsiforme
STANDARD PLANT NAMEVerbascum tapsiforme
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYApocynaceae
LATIN NAMEVinca erecta
STANDARD PLANT NAMEVinca erecta Regel & Schmalh.
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYApocynaceae
LATIN NAMEVinca herbacea W. K.
STANDARD PLANT NAMEVinca herbacea Waldst. & Kit.
GRIN #: 41680 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME: periwinkle
STANDARD COMMON NAME: lesser periwinkle
FAMILYApocynaceae
LATIN NAMEVinca minor L.
STANDARD PLANT NAMEVinca minor L.
GRIN #: 41807 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME: mistletoe
STANDARD COMMON NAME: European mistletoe
FAMILYSantalaceae
LATIN NAMEViscum album L.
STANDARD PLANT NAMEViscum album L.
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