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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

FDA Poisonous Plant Database

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AUTHOR(S): Ringrose, R. C.; Morgan, C. L.; Lease, E. J.
TITLE: The effect of cottonseed oil on the hatchability of eggs.
YEAR: 1941 CITATION: Poult Sci, 20(), 57-61 [English]
FDA #: F20596
ABSTRACT: Summary: The addition of crude cottonseed oil to a satisfactory ration for laying hens markedly reduced the hatchability of the eggs produced. Cottonseed oil at a level of 3.6 % of the ration reduced hatchability from approximately 90% less than 30%. Wesson oil and crude soybean oil fed at a level of 3.6% and crude peanut oil at a level of 7% did not affect hatchability. The saponifiable fraction of the crude cottonseed oil contained the factor(s) but the non-saponifiable fraction had no effect upon hatchability. The distillable ethyl esters of the fatty acids of cottonseed oil did not affect hatchability. Neither oxidation of the cottonseed oil nor heating for two hours at 175ºC. destroyed the factor(s). Rancidity of the oil was not a factor affecting hatchability. Refining the crude oil by filtering and alkali treatment did not destroy the factor(s) affecting hatchability. Hydrogenation of both the filtered crude cottonseed oil and the refined oil completely destroyed the active factor(s). Neither additions of vitamins A, D, and E, nor dried pork liver to the rations containing crude cottonseed oil improved hatchability.
GRIN #: 17917 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME: cottonseed oil
STANDARD COMMON NAME: cotton
FAMILYMalvaceae
LATIN NAME
STANDARD PLANT NAMEGossypium hirsutum L.
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