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J Neurosurg 2005 Feb;102(2):267-75

Neuroradiographic changes following convection-enhanced delivery of the recombinant cytotoxin interleukin 13-PE38QQR for recurrent malignant glioma.

Parney IF, Kunwar S, McDermott M, Berger M, Prados M, Cha S, Croteau D, Puri RK, Chang SM

Chang SM, Univ Calif San Francisco, Brai Tumor Res Ctr, Dept Neurol Surg, Neurooncol Serv, 400 Parnassus Ave,A808, San Francisco, CA 94143 USA Univ Calif San Francisco, Brai Tumor Res Ctr, Dept Neurol Surg, Neurooncol Serv, San Francisco, CA 94143 USA Univ Calif San Francisco, Brai Tumor Res Ctr, Dept Radiol, San Francisco, CA 94143 USA NeoPharm Inc, Lake Forest, IL USA US FDA, Ctr Biol Evaluat & Res, Bethesda, MD 20014 USA


OBJECT: Convection-enhanced delivery (CED) is a novel method for delivering therapeutic agents to infiltrative brain tumor cells. For agents administered by CED, changes on magnetic resonance (MR) imaging directly resulting from catheter placement, infusion, and the therapeutic compound may confound any interpretation of tumor progression. As part of an ongoing multiinstitutional Phase I study, 14 patients with recurrent malignant glioma underwent CED of interleukin (IL) 13-PE38QQR, a recombinant cytotoxin consisting of human IL-13 conjugated with a truncated Pseudomonas exotoxin. Serial neuroradiographic changes were assessed in this cohort of patients. METHODS: Patients were treated in two groups: Group 1 patients received IL13-PE38QQR before and after tumor resection; Group 2 patients received infusion only after tumor resection. Preoperative and postinfusion MR images were obtained prospectively at specified regular intervals. Changes were noted along catheter tracks on postresection MR images obtained in all patients. A simple grading system was developed to describe these changes. When MR imaging changes appeared to be related to IL1 3-PE38QQR, patients were followed up without instituting new antitumor therapy. CONCLUSIONS: As CED of therapeutic agents becomes more common, clinicians and investigators must become aware of associated neuroimaging changes that should be incorporated into toxicity assessment. We have developed a simple grading system to facilitate communication about these changes among investigators. Biological imaging modalities that could possibly distinguish these changes from recurrent tumor should be evaluated. In this study the authors demonstrate the challenges in determining efficacy when surrogate end points such as time to tumor progression as defined by new or progressive contrast enhancement on MR imaging are used with this treatment modality.

Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #15739554
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Biologics
Entry Created: 2011-10-04 Entry Last Modified: 2012-08-29