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Viral Immunol 2006 Summer;19(2):250-259

Evaluation of a Needle-Free Delivery Platform for Prime-Boost Immunization with DNA and Modified Vaccinia Virus Ankara Vectors Expressing Herpes Simplex Virus 2 Glycoprotein D.

Meseda CA, Stout RR, Weir JP

Weir JP, Ctr Biol Evaluat & Res, Div Viral Prod, HFM-457,1401 Rockville Pike, Rockville, MD 20852 USA US FDA, Ctr Biol Evaluat & Res, Lab DNA Viruses, Bethesda, MD 20014 USA Bioject Inc, Tualatin, OR USA


A previous report described a prime-boost immunization strategy using plasmid and modified vaccinia virus Ankara (MVA) vectors expressing herpes simplex virus 2 glycoprotein D (gD). Enhanced humoral and cellular immune responses were elicited by the prime-boost combination compared to plasmid DNA immunization alone. Surprisingly, a more diverse antibody isotype response, and a greater antibody and cellular immune response, was obtained if the gD MVA vector was used as the priming immunization rather than the gD plasmid vector. The present report evaluates the use of a needle-free delivery platform (Biojector) for delivery of plasmid and MVA gD-expressing vectors in a prime-boost immunization strategy. Needle-free delivery of both plasmid and MVA gD expression vectors was efficient, reproducible, and elicited a strong immune response in immunized mice. Biojector delivery of plasmid DNA was able to evoke a broader isotype response and cellular immune response than that obtained by gene gun delivered plasmid DNA. Further, DNA priming by Biojector delivery as part of a prime-boost procedure with MVA-gD2 resulted in a diverse antibody isotype distribution and enhanced cellular immune responses, similar to the responses obtained when MVA-gD2 was used as the priming immunization. Thus, needle-free delivery of plasmid DNA may provide additional flexibility and options for effective prime-boost vaccination.

Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #16817767
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Biologics
Entry Created: 2011-10-04 Entry Last Modified: 2012-08-29