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Biochemistry 2006 Nov 14;45(45):13511-13516

Functional Molecular Mass of Escherichia coli K92 Polysialyltransferase As Determined by Radiation Target Analysis.

Vionnet J, Kempner ES, Vann WF

Vann WF (reprint author), US FDA, Lab Bacterial Polysaccharides, Ctr Biol Evaluat & Res, Bldg 29,Room 103,8800 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA US FDA, Lab Bacterial Polysaccharides, Ctr Biol Evaluat & Res, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA NIAMSD, Off Sci & Technol, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA

Abstract

The polysialyltransferase of Escherichia coli K92 catalyzes the transfer of sialic acid from CMP-sialic acid to a growing chain of polysialic acid at the nonreducing end. The enzyme encoded by the neuS gene is membrane-associated and has been suggested to be organized within a complex of several proteins encoded by the K92 gene cluster. Attempts to prepare a soluble active NeuS enzyme have been unsuccessful. Recent results suggest that de novo synthesis of polysialic acid requires coexpression of four genes from the cluster: neuS, neuE, kpsC, and kpsS. However, elongation of preexisting polysialic acid chains only requires expression of neuS. The molecular organization of the catalytic unit of bacterial polysialyltransferases has not been described. We used radiation inactivation to measure the size of the minimum functional unit catalyzing the polysialyltransferase chain extension and de novo reactions. Membranes harboring NeuS in the presence and absence of other products of the K92 gene cluster were exposed to high-energy electrons. The rate of loss of polysialyltransferase activity reveals the mass of the molecules essential for catalytic activity. We observed that the transfer of neuNAc from CMP-neuNAc to a polysialic acid acceptor is catalyzed by a complex with a target size larger than that of monomeric NeuS. The target size of the unit catalyzing the extension of existing polysialic acid chains does not differ significantly from the size of the unit catalyzing transfer of sialic acid to the endogenous acceptor. Parallel samples of membranes containing NeuS and a green fluorescent protein (GFP) chimera were compared by target analysis. The target size of this structural unit was estimated by analysis of the rate of decay of the GFP-NeuS chimera band migrating in the immunoblots. The target size of the structural unit is larger than expected for a monomer. The results of these experiments show that while the target size of the catalytic activity for K92 polysialyltransferase is larger than a monomer of NeuS, a large complex is not required for catalysis.


Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #17087504
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Biologics
Entry Created: 2011-10-04 Entry Last Modified: 2012-08-29
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