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J Immunol 2007 Dec 1;179(11):7709-19

Differential Requirements by CD4+ and CD8+ T Cells for Soluble and Membrane TNF in Control of Francisella tularensis Live Vaccine Strain Intramacrophage Growth.

Cowley SC, Sedgwick JD, Elkins KL

Cowley SC (reprint author), US FDA, Ctr Biol Res & Evaluat, Lab Mycobacterial Dis & Cellular Immunol, 1401 Rockville Pike,HFM 431, Rockville, MD 20852 USA US FDA, Ctr Biol Res & Evaluat, Lab Mycobacterial Dis & Cellular Immunol, Rockville, MD 20852 USA Eli Lilly & Co, Indianapolis, IN 46285 USA


During primary infection with intracellular bacteria, the membrane-associated form of TNF provides some TNF functions, but the relative contributions during memory responses are not well-characterized. In this study, we determined the role of T cell-derived secreted and membrane-bound TNF (memTNF) during adaptive immunity to Francisella tularensis live vaccine strain (LVS). Although transgenic mice expressing only the memTNF were more susceptible to primary LVS infection than wild-type (WT) mice, LVS-immune WT and memTNF mice both survived maximal lethal secondary Francisella challenge. Generation of CD44(high) memory T cells and clearance of bacteria were similar, although more IFN-gamma and IL-12(p40) were produced by memTNF mice. To examine T cell function, we used an in vitro tissue coculture system that measures control of LVS intramacrophage growth by LVS-immune WT and memTNF-T cells. LVS-immune CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells isolated from WT and memTNF mice exhibited comparable control of LVS growth in either normal or TNF-alpha knockout macrophages. Although the magnitude of CD4(+) T cell-induced macrophage NO production clearly depended on TNF, control of LVS growth by both CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells did not correlate with levels of nitrite. Importantly, intramacrophage LVS growth control by CD8(+) T cells, but not CD4(+) T cells, was almost entirely dependent on T cell-expressed TNF, and required stimulation through macrophage TNFRs. Collectively, these data demonstrate that T cell-expressed memTNF is necessary and sufficient for memory T cell responses to this intracellular pathogen, and is particularly important for intramacrophage control of bacterial growth by CD8(+) T cells.

Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #18025217
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Biologics
Entry Created: 2011-10-04 Entry Last Modified: 2012-08-29