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J Am Assoc Lab Anim Sci 2008 Jul;47(4):64-7

Visceral and neural larva migrans in rhesus macaques.

Gozalo AS, Maximova OA, StClaire MC, Montali RJ, Ward JM, Cheng LI, Elkins WR, Kazacos KR

Gozalo, AS, NIAID, Comparat Med Branch, NIH, 9000 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA NIAID, Comparat Med Branch, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA Sobran Incorp, Bethesda, MD USA US FDA, Ctr Biol Evaluat & Res, Rockville, MD 20857 USA NIAID, Div Clin Res, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA Purdue Univ, Dept Comparat Pathobiol, W Lafayette, IN 47907 USA


Large ascarid larvae within granulomas were noted histologically in the mesenteric and pancreatic lymph nodes of 13 of 21 rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) euthanized as part of an experimental viral pathogenesis study. In addition, 7 of the 13 monkeys had cerebral granulomas, which in 4 animals contained nematode larvae similar to those within the lymph nodes. Despite the lesions, the animals did not show clinical signs associated with the parasitic infections. Characteristics of the larvae included, on cross-section, a midbody diameter of approximately 60 to 80 mum, a centrally located and slightly compressed intestine flanked on either side by large triangular excretory columns, and prominent single lateral cuticular alae. The morphology of the larvae was compatible with Baylisascaris spp. Baylisascariasis is a well-described infection of animals and humans that is caused by migrating larvae of the raccoon roundworm, Baylisascaris procyonis. A similar species, B. columnaris, is found in skunks and can cause cerebrospinal nematodiasis, but most reported cases of baylisascariasis have been due to B. procyonis. Our macaques were born free-ranging on an island in the southeastern United States where raccoons, but not skunks, were found to be common inhabitants, indicating that B. procyonis was the most likely parasite involved. These cases are similar to the low-level or covert cases of Baylisascaris infection described to occur in humans and provide further evidence of the existence of this parasite in the southeastern United States.

Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #18702454
PubMed Central ID: #PMC2694714
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Biologics
Entry Created: 2011-10-04 Entry Last Modified: 2012-08-29