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Cancer Res 2009 Nov 15;69(22):8678-85

A Novel Role of Interleukin-13 Receptor {alpha}2 in Pancreatic Cancer Invasion and Metastasis.

Fujisawa T, Joshi B, Nakajima A, Puri RK


Whereas interleukin-13 receptor alpha2 chain (IL-13Ralpha2) is overexpressed in a variety of human solid cancers including pancreatic cancer, we investigated its significance in cancer invasion and metastasis. We used two pancreatic cancer cell lines, IL-13Ralpha2-negative HPAF-II and IL-13Ralpha2-positive HS766T, and generated IL-13Ralpha2 stably transfected HPAF-II as well as IL-13Ralpha2 RNA interference knocked-down HS766T cells. Ability of invasion and signal transduction was compared between IL-13Ralpha2-negative and IL-13Ralpha2-positive cells and tumor metastasis was assessed in murine model for human pancreatic cancer with orthotopic implantation of tumors. IL-13 treatment enhanced cell invasion in IL-13Ralpha2-positive cancer cell lines but not in IL-13Ralpha2-negative cell lines. Furthermore, gene transfer of IL-13Ralpha2 in negative cell lines enhanced invasion, whereas its silencing downmodulated invasion of pancreatic cell lines in a Matrigel invasion assay. In vivo study revealed that IL-13Ralpha2-positive cancer metastasized to lymph nodes, liver, and peritoneum at a significantly higher rate compared with IL-13Ralpha2-negative tumors. The expression of IL-13Ralpha2 in metastatic lesions was found to be increased compared with primary tumors, and mice with IL-13Ralpha2-positive cancer displayed cachexia and poor prognosis. Invasion and metastasis also correlated with increased matrix metalloproteinase protease activity in these cells. Mechanistically, IL-13 activated extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 and activator protein-1 nuclear factors in IL-13Ralpha2-positive pancreatic cancer cell lines but not in IL-13Ralpha2-negative cell lines. Taken together, our results show for the first time that IL-13 can signal through IL-13Ralpha2 in pancreatic cancer cells and IL-13Ralpha2 may serve as a prognostic biomarker of invasion and metastasis in pancreatic cancer. [Cancer Res 2009;69(22):8678-85].

Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #19887609 DOI: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-09-2100
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Biologics
Entry Created: 2011-10-04 Entry Last Modified: 2012-08-29