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Biologicals 2012 Jan;40(1):96-9

Application of Deglycosylation to SDS PAGE Analysis Improves Calibration of Influenza Antigen Standards.

Harvey R, Hamill M, Robertson JS, Minor PD, Vodeiko GM, Weir JP, Takahashi H, Harada Y, Itamura S, Bamford P, Dalla Pozza T, Engelhardt OG


Each year the production of seasonal influenza vaccines requires antigen standards to be available for the potency assessment of vaccine batches. These are calibrated and assigned a value for haemagglutinin (HA) content. The calibration of an antigen standard is carried out in a collaborative study amongst a small number of national regulatory laboratories which are designated by WHO as Essential Regulatory Laboratories (ERLs) for the purposes of influenza vaccine standardisation. The calibration involves two steps; first the determination of HA protein in a primary liquid standard by measurement of total protein in a purified influenza virus preparation followed by determination of the proportion of HA as determined by PAGE analysis of the sample; and second, the calibration of the freeze-dried reference antigen against the primary standard by single radial immunodiffusion (SRD) assay. Here we describe a collaborative study to assess the effect of adding a deglycosylation step prior to the SDS-PAGE analysis for the assessment of relative HA content. We found that while the final agreed HA value of the samples tested was not significantly different with or without deglycosylation, the deglycosylation step greatly improved between-laboratory agreement.

Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #22244521 DOI: 10.1016/j.biologicals.2011.12.009
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Biologics
Entry Created: 2011-10-04 Entry Last Modified: 2012-08-29