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Cancer Immunol Immunother 2012 Jul;61(7):1081-92

Potent antitumor effects of combination therapy with IFNs and monocytes in mouse models of established human ovarian and melanoma tumors.

Nakashima H, Miyake K, Clark CR, Bekisz J, Finbloom J, Husain SR, Baron S, Puri RK, Zoon KC


Interferon-activated monocytes are known to exert cytocidal activity against tumor cells in vitro. Here, we have examined whether a combination of IFN-alpha2a and IFN-gamma and human monocytes mediate significant antitumor effects against human ovarian and melanoma tumor xenografts in mouse models. OVCAR-3 tumors were treated i.t. with monocytes alone, IFN-alpha2a and IFN-gamma alone or combination of all three on day 0, 15 or 30 post-tumor implantation. Mice receiving combination therapy beginning day 15 showed significantly reduced tumor growth and prolonged survival including complete regression in 40% mice. Tumor volumes measured on day 80 in mice receiving combination therapy (206 mm(3)) were significantly smaller than those of mice receiving the IFNs alone (1,041 mm(3)), monocytes alone (1,111 mm(3)) or untreated controls (1,728 mm(3)). Similarly, combination therapy with monocytes and IFNs of much larger tumor also inhibited OVCAR-3 tumor growth. Immunohistochemistry studies showed a large number of activated macrophages (CD31(+)/CD68(+)) infiltrating into OVCAR-3 tumors and higher densities of IL-12, IP10 and NOS2, markers of M1 (classical) macrophages in tumors treated with combination therapy compared to the controls. Interestingly, IFNs-activated macrophages induced apoptosis of OVCAR-3 tumor cells as monocytes alone or IFNs alone did not mediate significant apoptosis. Similar antitumor activity was observed in the LOX melanoma mouse model, but not as profound as seen with the OVCAR-3 tumors. Administration of either mixture of monocytes and IFN-alpha2a or monocytes and IFN-gamma did not inhibit Lox melanoma growth; however, a significant inhibition was observed when tumors were treated with a mixture of monocytes, IFN-alpha2a and IFN-gamma. These results indicate that monocytes and both IFN-alpha2a and IFN-gamma may be required to mediate profound antitumor effect against human ovarian and melanoma tumors in mouse models.

Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #22159517 DOI: 10.1007/s00262-011-1152-x
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Biologics
Entry Created: 2011-12-14 Entry Last Modified: 2013-01-11