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Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2011 Dec 16;416(3-4):270-6

Effects of a human plasma membrane-associated sialidase siRNA on prostate cancer invasion.

Li X, Zhang L, Shao Y, Liang Z, Shao C, Wang B, Guo B, Li N, Zhao X, Li Y, Xu D


Human plasma membrane-associated sialidase (Neu3) is one of several sialidases that hydrolyze sialic acids in the terminal position of the carbohydrate groups of glycolipids and glycoproteins. Neu3 is mainly localized in plasma membranes and plays crucial roles in the regulation of cell surface functions. In this study, we investigated the effects and molecular mechanisms of Neu3 on cell invasion and migration in vivo and in vitro. Initially, we found that the levels of Neu3 expression were higher in prostate cancer tissues and cell lines than in normal prostate tissues based on RT-PCR and Western blotting analyses. We then applied a Neu3 siRNA approach to block Neu3 signaling using PC-3M cells as model cells. Transwell invasion assays and wound assays showed significantly decreased invasion and migration potential in the Neu3 siRNA-transfected cells. RT-PCR and Western blotting analyses revealed that Neu3 knockdown decreased the expressions of the matrix metalloproteinases MMP-2 and MMP-9. In vivo, mice injected with PC-3M cell tumors were evaluated by SPECT/CT to determine the presence of bone metastases. Mice treated with attenuated Salmonella carrying the Neu3 siRNA developed fewer bone metastases than mice treated with attenuated Salmonella carrying a control Scramble siRNA, attenuated Salmonella alone or PBS. The results for bone metastasis detection by pathology were consistent with the data obtained by SPECT/CT. Tumor blocks were evaluated by histochemical, RT-PCR and Western blotting analyses. The results revealed decreased expressions of MMP-2 and MMP-9 at the mRNA and protein levels. Taken together, the present findings suggest that Neu3 is a promising molecular target for the prevention of prostate cancer metastasis.

Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #22093819 DOI: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2011.11.001
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Biologics
Entry Created: 2012-02-13 Entry Last Modified: 2012-08-29