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J Microbiol Methods 2012 Dec;91(3):448-58

Development of a Custom 16S rRNA Gene Library for the Identification and Molecular Subtyping of Salmonella enterica.

Hellberg RS, Haney CJ, Shen Y, Cheng CM, Williams-Hill DM, Martin WB


The use of 16S rRNA gene sequencing within the regulatory workflow may help to reduce the time and labor involved in the identification and differentiation of Salmonella enterica isolates. However, a comprehensive, standardized reference library is needed in order to use this method with regulatory samples. The goal of this project was to acquire 16S rRNA partial and full gene sequences for a variety of S. enterica isolates and to use these sequences to build a custom 16S rRNA reference library. A total of 535S. enterica isolates representing over 100 serotypes and 5 subspecies were selected for 16S rRNA partial gene sequencing (~500bp) and 66 isolates representing 32 serotypes and 2 subspecies were selected for 16S rRNA full gene sequencing (~1500bp). PCR, sequencing, and automated sequence assembly and editing were carried out using the MicroSEQ ID Microbial Identification System (Applied Biosystems). High quality sequences were obtained for 94.4% and 95.5% of the isolates sequenced over the partial and full genes, respectively. These sequences did not show sufficient divergence to reliably differentiate serotypes; however, they could be differentiated using 16S rRNA sequence typing based on intragenomic heterogeneity. A total of 83 unique 16S sequence types were obtained for use in the partial gene library and 58 unique 16S sequence types were obtained for entry into the full gene library. Preliminary sequencing results with one isolate analyzed in replicate were promising, with consistent matches to a specific 16S type in the custom library. The result of this study is a custom S. enterica 16S rRNA type library for potential use in the identification of isolates at the species, subspecies, and molecular subtype level. Further work will include validating the method for parameters such as exclusivity, sensitivity, and reproducibility.

Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #23022443 DOI: 10.1016/j.mimet.2012.09.018
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Regulatory Affairs
Entry Created: 2012-10-02 Entry Last Modified: 2013-10-17