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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Scientific Publications by FDA Staff

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Jpn J Cancer Res 1993 Aug;84(8):879-84

Expression of amphiregulin, a novel gene of the epidermal growth factor family, in human gastric carcinomas.

Kitadai Y, Yasui W, Yokozaki H, Kuniyasu H, Ayhan A, Haruma K, Kajiyama G, Johnson GR, Tahara E


The expression of mRNA for amphiregulin (AR), a novel gene of the epidermal growth factor family, was examined in 8 human gastric carcinoma cell lines and 32 gastric carcinoma tissues as well as corresponding normal mucosa. Of the 8 gastric carcinoma cell lines, 7 expressed 1.4 kb AR mRNA at various levels. The expression of AR mRNA by TMK-1 and MKN-28 cells was increased by treatment with epidermal growth factor or transforming growth factor a. In surgical cases, all the gastric carcinoma tissues and their adjacent normal mucosa expressed AR mRNA. Interestingly, 20 (62.5%) out of 32 tumors expressed AR mRNA at higher levels than their corresponding normal mucosas (tumor/normal > or = 1.2). No obvious correlation was observed between the AR mRNA levels and the histological types or tumor staging of gastric carcinoma. Immunohistochemically, AR protein was localized to the cytoplasm and/or nucleus in tumor cells. These results suggest that AR produced by tumor cells may be involved in the pathogenesis and/or progression of human gastric carcinoma.

Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #8407551
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Biologics Drugs
Entry Created: 2012-11-10