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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

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Int J Toxicol 2013 Jan;32(1):23-31

Cigarette Smoke Condensate Induces Differential Expression and Promoter Methylation Profiles of Critical Genes Involved in Lung Cancer in NL-20 Lung Cells In Vitro: Short-Term and Chronic Exposure.

Word B, Lyn-Cook LE Jr, Mwamba B, Wang H, Lyn-Cook B, Hammons G


Establishing early diagnostic markers of harm is critical for effective prevention programs and regulation of tobacco products. This study examined effects of cigarette smoke condensate (CSC) on expression and promoter methylation profile of critical genes (DAPK, ECAD, MGMT, and RASSF1A) involved in lung cancer development in different human lung cell lines. NL-20 cells were treated with 0.1-100 mug/ml of CSC for 24 to 72 hrs for short-term exposures. DAPK expression or methylation status was not significantly affected. However, CSC treatment resulted in changes in expression and promoter methylation profile of ECAD, MGMT, and RASSF1A. For chronic studies, cells were exposed to 1 or 10 mug/ml CSC up to 28 days. Cells showed morphological changes associated with transformation and changes in invasion capacities and global methylation status. This study provides critical data suggesting that epigenetic changes could serve as an early biomarker of harm due to exposure to cigarette smoke.

Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #23174910 DOI: 10.1177/1091581812465902
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Toxicological Research
Entry Created: 2012-11-25 Entry Last Modified: 2013-07-23