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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

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Risk Anal 1994 Dec;14(6):1073-7

Reproducibility of the dose-response curve of steroid-induced cleft palate in mice.

Freni SC, Razzaghi M, Moore GE


Pregnant CD-1 mice were exposed to cortisone acetate at doses ranging from 20 to 100 mg/kg/day on days 10-13 by oral and intramuscular routes. Multiple replicate assays were conducted under identical conditions to assess the reproducibility of the dose-response curve for cleft palate. The data were fitted to the probit, logistic, multistage or Armitage-Doll, and Weibull dose-response model separately for each route of exposure. The curves were then tested for parallel slopes (probit and logistic models) or coincidence of model parameters (multistage and Weibull models). The 19 replicate experiments had a wide range of slope estimates, wider for the oral than for the intramuscular experiments. For all models and both routes of exposure the null hypothesis of equality of slopes was rejected at a significant level of p < 0.001. For the intramuscular group of replicates, rejection of slope equality could in part be explained by not maintaining a standard dosing regime. The rejection of equivalence of dose-response curves from replicate studies showed that it is difficult to reproduce dose-response data of a single study within the limits defined by the dose-response model. This has important consequences for quantitative risk assessment, public health measures, or development of mechanistic theories which are typically based on a single animal bioassay.

Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #7846314 DOI: 10.1111/j.1539-6924.1994.tb00077.x
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Toxicological Research
Entry Created: 2012-12-24