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Lett Appl Microbiol 2000 Mar;30(3):217-22

Detection of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in heifers' faecal samples using an automated immunoconcentration system.

Vernozy-Rozand C, Feng P, Montet MP, Ray-Gueniot S, Villard L, Bavai C, Meyrand A, Mazuy C, Atrache V


Pre-treatment of a 5-h enrichment culture with an automated immunoconcentration (ICE) system greatly improved the isolation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 from spiked heifer faecal samples. Enrichment samples plated directly onto sorbitol MacConkey agar (SMAC) and SMAC agar supplemented with cefixime and potassium tellurite (CT-SMAC) showed recovery rates of 8% and 56%, respectively. However, after ICE treatment, E. coli O157:H7 was recovered from 92% of the samples on SMAC and 100% on CT-SMAC. Immunoconcentration analysis of heifers' faecal samples collected from a slaughter-house in France, during March to June 1998, showed that 1% (three of 300) was positive for E. coli O157:H7. Phenotypic and genotypic analysis showed that all three isolates carried both the O157 and H7 antigens, did not ferment sorbitol or had beta-glucuronidase activity and carried trait virulence factors for E. coli O157:H7 (uidA allele, eaeA and pO157 plasmid). However, only one strain was toxigenic and this strain produced a single toxin, namely verotoxin 2.

Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #10747254 DOI: 10.1046/j.1472-765x.2000.00702.x
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Food
Entry Created: 2012-12-30