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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

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Biotechnol Appl Biochem 2005 Oct;42(2):133-42

Normal-flow virus filtration: detection and assessment of the endpoint in bioprocessing

Bolton G, Cabatingan M, Rubino M, Lute S, Brorson K, Bailey M


The breakthrough of a model virus, bacteriophage ¿X-174, through normal-flow virus filters was studied using both commercial process fluids and model feedstreams. The results indicate that (i) ¿X-174 is a reasonable model for a mammalian parvovirus [MMV (murine minute virus)] in virus filtration studies; (ii) ¿X-174 LRV [log(reduction value)] shows a better correlation with percentage flow decline compared with volume processed under a variety of conditions; (iii) although the extent of decline in virus LRV is dependent on the mechanism of filter fouling, the fouling mechanisms operative in a viral validation study are representative of those likely to be found under actual production conditions. The mechanism of LRV decline by many process streams was proposed to be due to selective plugging of small pores. A theoretical model as well as a predictive equation for LRV decline versus flow decay was derived; experimental results from filtration studies using pore-plugging feedstocks were consistent with the equation. As protein solutions may vary in their adsorptive versus plugging behaviour during filtration, an evaluation of the LRV-versus-flow-decay relationship on a biopharmaceutical-product-specific basis may be warranted.

Category: Journal Article
DOI: 10.1042/BA20050056
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Drugs
Entry Created: 2013-01-06