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Nanoscale 2013 Jan 31;5(4):1583-91

Enzyme-mimetic effects of gold@platinum nanorods on the antioxidant activity of ascorbic acid.

Zhou YT, He W, Wamer WG, Hu X, Wu X, Lo YM, Yin JJ


Au@Pt nanorods were prepared by growing platinum nanodots on gold nanorods. Using electron spin resonance (ESR), we determined that the mechanisms for oxidation of ascorbic acid (AA) by Au@Pt nanorods and ascorbic acid oxidase (AAO) were kinetically similar and yielded similar products. In addition we observed that Au@Pt nanorods were stable with respect to temperature and pH. Using UV-VIS spectroscopy, the apparent kinetics of enzyme-mimetic activity of Au@Pt nanorods were studied and compared with the activity of AAO. With the help of ESR, we found that Au@Pt nanorods did not scavenge hydroxyl radicals but inhibited the antioxidant ability of AA for scavenging hydroxyl radicals produced by photoirradiating solutions containing titanium dioxide and zinc oxide. Moreover, the Au@Pt nanorods reduced the ability of AA to scavenge DPPH radicals and superoxide radicals. These results demonstrate that Au@Pt nanorods can reduce the antioxidant activity of AA. Therefore, it is necessary to consider the effects of using Pt nanoparticles together with other reducing agents or antioxidants such as AA due to the oxidase-like property of Au@Pt nanorods.

Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #23329011 DOI: 10.1039/C2NR33072E
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Food
Entry Created: 2013-01-19 Entry Last Modified: 2013-03-09