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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

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Food Microbiol 2013 Dec;36(2):416-25

Photobleaching with phloxine B sensitizer to reduce food matrix interference for detection of Escherichia coli serotype O157:H7 in fresh spinach by flow cytometry.

Buzatu DA, Cooper WM, Summage-West C, Sutherland JB, Williams AJ, Bass DA, Smith LL, Woodruff RS, Christman JM, Reid S, Tucker RK, Haney CJ, Ahmed A, Rafii F, Wilkes JG


A flow cytometric method (RAPID-B) with detection sensitivity of one viable cell of Escherichia coli serotype O157:H7 in fresh spinach (Spinacia oleracea) was developed and evaluated. The major impediment to achieving this performance was mistaking autofluorescing spinach particles for tagged target cells. Following a 5 h non-selective enrichment, artificially inoculated samples were photobleached, using phloxine B as a photosensitizer. Samples were centrifuged at high speed to concentrate target cells, then gradient centrifuged to separate them from matrix debris. In external laboratory experiments, RAPID-B and the reference method both correctly detected E. coli O157:H7 at inoculations of ca. 15 cells. In a follow-up study, after 4 cell inoculations of positives and 6 h enrichment, RAPID-B correctly identified 92% of 25 samples. The RAPID-B method limit of detection (LOD) was one cell in 25 g. It proved superior to the reference method (which incorporated real time-PCR, selective enrichment, and culture plating elements) in accuracy and speed.

Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #24010624 DOI: 10.1016/j.fm.2013.07.007
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Toxicological Research Regulatory Affairs Tobacco
Entry Created: 2013-09-10 Entry Last Modified: 2013-11-02