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Stat Biopharm Res 2014 Feb;6(1):78-88

Identifying a Subpopulation for a Tailored Therapy: Bridging Clinical Efficacy From a Laboratory-Developed Assay to a Validated In Vitro Diagnostic Test Kit

Denne JS, Pennello G, Zhao LP, Chang SC, Althouse S


In the United States, regulatory approval of a therapy that is tailored to a subpopulation may require the coapproval of a companion in vitro diagnostic (IVD) tool for identifying that subpopulation. Unfortunately, for many reasons, development of the companion IVD may lag such that it is unavailable during a pivotal clinical trial of the therapy. Instead, a laboratory-developed test (LDT) may be used on clinical trial specimens to identify the subpopulation on whom to evaluate the therapy. However, remaining specimen material is saved so that when the companion IVD is ready for market, the specimens can be retested, in an effort to "bridge" from the LDT to the IVD. Unfortunately, retest results can be missing or invalid because some subjects lack remaining specimen material or because what remains is unevaluable (e.g., due to insufficient specimen material, inadequate specimen quality). We frame the bridging analysis problem as one of estimating drug efficacy in the IVD-defined subpopulation. We develop a closed-form approach, as well as approaches based on multiple imputation and bootstrapping to address the missing data problem. We discuss this in the context of a case study involving a recent submission and approval in the United States of a drug and IVD in oncology.

Category: Journal Article
DOI: 10.1080/19466315.2013.852618
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Medical Devices
Entry Created: 2014-03-02