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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Scientific Publications by FDA Staff

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Yao Wu Shi Pin Fen Xi 2014 Mar;22(1):76-85

Mechanistic characterization of titanium dioxide nanoparticle-induced toxicity using electron spin resonance.

Li M, Yin JJ, Wamer WG, Lo YM


Titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2 NPs) are one of the most widely used nanomaterials that have been manufactured worldwide and applied in different commercial realms. The well-recognized ability of TiO2 to promote the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) has been extensively studied as one of the important mechanisms underlying TiO2 NPs toxicity. As the "gold standard" method to quantify and identify ROS, electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy has been employed in many studies aimed at evaluating TiO2 NPs safety. This review aims to provide a thorough discussion of current studies using ESR as the primary method to unravel the mechanism of TiO2 NPs toxicity. ESR spin label oximetry and immune-spin trapping techniques are also briefly introduced, because the combination of spin trapping/labeling techniques offers a promising tool for studying the oxidative damage caused by TiO2 NPs.

Category: Journal Article, Review
PubMed ID: #24673905 DOI: 10.1016/j.jfda.2014.01.006
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Food
Entry Created: 2014-03-29 Entry Last Modified: 2014-05-03