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J Nucl Med 2014 Jun 19;55(8):1323-9

Analysis of Biodistribution of Intracranially Infused Radiolabeled Interleukin-13 Receptor-Targeted Immunotoxin IL-13PE by SPECT/CT in an Orthotopic Mouse Model of Human Glioma.

Suzuki A, Leland P, Kobayashi H, Choyke PL, Jagoda EM, Inoue T, Joshi BH, Puri RK


Interleukin-13 Pseudomonas exotoxin (IL-13PE), a targeted agent for interleukin-13 receptor alpha2 (IL-13Ralpha2)-expressing tumors, has been administered intracranially by convection-enhanced delivery (CED) for glioma therapy in several clinical trials including a randomized phase 3 clinical trial. However, its intracranial distribution was not optimally evaluated. We investigated the intracranial distribution of radiolabeled IL-13PE after CED in a murine model of glioblastoma multiforme. METHODS: IL-13PE was radiolabeled with Na125I and evaluated for its activity in vitro in receptor-positive U251 or -negative T98G human glioma cell lines. Gliomas were grown in nude mice after intracranial implantation with U251 cells, and 125I-IL-13PE was stereotactically administered by bolus or CED for 3 d, followed by micro-SPECT/CT imaging. SPECT images were evaluated quantitatively and compared with histology and autoradiography results. RESULTS: The radioiodination technique resulted in a specific and biologically active 125I-IL-13PE, which bound and was cytotoxic to IL-13Ralpha2-positive but not to IL-13Ralpha2-negative tumor cells. Both the binding and the cytotoxic activities were blocked by a 100-fold excess of IL-13, which indicated the specificity of binding and cytotoxicity. SPECT/CT imaging revealed retention of 125I-IL-13PE administered by CED in U251 tumors and showed significantly higher volumes of distribution and maintained detectable drug levels for a longer period of time than the bolus route. These results were confirmed by autoradiography. CONCLUSION: IL-13PE can be radioiodinated without the loss of specificity, binding, or cytotoxic activity. Intracranial CED administration produces a higher volume of distribution for a longer period of time than the bolus route. Thus, CED of IL-13PE is superior to bolus injection in delivering the drug to the entire tumor.

Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #24947060 DOI: 10.2967/jnumed.114.138404
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Biologics
Entry Created: 2014-06-21 Entry Last Modified: 2014-09-01