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Placenta 2015 Dec;36(12):1370-7

Gestation age dependent transfer of human immunoglobulins across placenta in timed-pregnant guinea pigs.

Xu Y, Ma L, Norton MG, Stuart C, Zhao Z, Toibero D, Dahlen S, Zhong L, Zhang P, Struble EB


INTRODUCTION: When administered during pregnancy, antibodies and other biologic drugs that contain the Fc part of the IgG molecule can traverse the placenta. Although it is generally accepted that the FcRn receptor mediates this process, gaps remain in our understanding of underlying details in humans and in common laboratory animal species. METHODS: We expanded our previous studies in timed-pregnant guinea pigs to both measure the transport of human (h) IgG at earlier gestation ages in vivo and evaluate FcRn function in vitro using Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) and Madin-Darby canine kidney cells (MDCK) that express guinea pig (gp) FcRn. RESULTS: In timed-pregnant guinea pigs both the average concentration of hIgG in the fetus and its ratio to maternal hIgG concentration increase exponentially with gestation age. Thus, hIgG fetal:maternal concentration ratios increase from an average of 1% to 3%, 17%, and 76% on GD ~26, 35, 46, and 54, respectively. In vitro, gpFcRn immobilized on a solid surface can bind hIgG and gpIgG preparations in a similar manner. All engineered human Fc isotype-specific constructs were internalized by MDCK-gpFcRn cells at significant levels. While not significant, their recycling and hIgG transcytosis by this cell line also trend higher than background controls. DISCUSSION: Pregnant guinea pigs exhibit similarities with humans in the degree and timing of transplacental transfer as well as the ability of their FcRn to bind and internalize hIgG in vitro. Further studies are needed to guide building appropriate systems for the evaluation of FcRn mediated function of human immunoglobulin therapies.

Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #26578159 DOI: 10.1016/j.placenta.2015.10.018
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Biologics
Entry Created: 2016-02-19