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AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 2016 Apr;32(4):381-5

Monitoring HIV-1 group M subtypes in Yaounde, Cameroon reveals broad genetic diversity and a novel CRF02_AG/F2 infection.

Courtney CR, Agyingi L, Fokou A, Christie S, Asaah B, Meli J, Ngai J, Hewlett I, Nyambi PN


Broad HIV-1 genetic diversity in Cameroon provides a unique opportunity to monitor HIV-1 evolution and allows the detection of novel strains. We have genetically characterized the HIV-1 subtypes found in 156 samples from 90 drug-naive subjects in Yaounde, Cameroon collected from 2011 to 2013, using phylogenetic analysis of regions in gag and pol. We identified subtypes CRF02_AG (64.9%), CRF22_01A1 (7.1%), D (4.5%), F2 (3.9%), G (3.2%), CRF18_cpx (3.2%), CRF37_cpx (3.2%), CRF11_cpx (2.6%), CRF13_cpx (1.9%), A1 (1.3%), CRF01_AE (1.3%), CRF09_cpx (1.3%), A2 (0.6%), and H (0.6%). Sequence data for both the gag and pol regions were obtained from 62 subjects; for 59 of these subjects the two regions were identified as the same viral subtype while three subjects were discordant, A1/CRF02_AG (subject MDC006), CRF02_AG/F2 (subject MDC179), and a dual infection with CRF02_AG/F2 (subject MDC131). Longitudinal sequence data were obtained for 28 of these 62 subjects and confirmed the cross-sectional results. These data update subtype information for this area and highlight the necessity of such studies due to the numerous circulating subtypes, the ongoing superinfection, and the risk of emerging novel recombinant viruses.

Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #26681241 DOI: 10.1089/aid.2015.0286
PubMed Central ID: #PMC4817561
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Biologics
Entry Created: 2016-02-19 Entry Last Modified: 2017-09-24