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J Virol Methods 2017 Jan;239:17-25

Development of a microarray-based assay for rapid detection and monitoring of genetic variants of West Nile virus circulating in the United States.

Grinev A, Chancey C, Volkova E, Chizhikov v, Rios M


West Nile virus (WNV) has become endemic in the Western Hemisphere since its first introduction in the United States in 1999. An important factor associated with annual reoccurrence of WNV outbreaks in the U.S. is viral adaptation to domestic mosquitoes and birds through accumulation of spontaneous mutations in the WNV genome. Newly emerged mutations in the viral genome can potentially negatively affect the performance of existing diagnostic and screening assays and future vaccines. Therefore, the genetic monitoring of the WNV viral population during annual outbreaks is extremely important for public health and can only be achieved by application of efficient sample preparationmethods followed by high throughput genetic analysis. In this study, we developed and evaluated a method for specific isolation of WNV genomic RNA from plasma samples without cultivation of the virus in cells. In combination with the microarray-based genetic analysis of the isolated WNV genomic RNA, this approach is suitable for fast, high throughput genotyping of circulating WNV genetic variants. The methods were evaluated using WNV isolates from the 1999-2012U.S. epidemics.

Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #27793647 DOI: 10.1016/j.jviromet.2016.10.011
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Biologics
Entry Created: 2016-05-23 Entry Last Modified: 2017-01-21