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J Blood Transfusion 2016;2016:2920514

A new proof of concept in bacterial reduction: antimicrobial action of violet-blue light (405 nm) in ex vivo stored plasma.

Maclean M, Anderson JG, MacGregor SJ, White T, Atreya CD


Bacterial contamination of injectable stored biological fluids such as blood plasma and platelet concentrates preserved in plasma at room temperature is a major health risk. Current pathogen reduction technologies (PRT) rely on the use of chemicals and/or ultraviolet light, which affects product quality and can be associated with adverse events in recipients. 405 nm violet-blue light is antibacterial without the use of photosensitizers and can be applied at levels safe for human exposure, making it of potential interest for decontamination of biological fluids such as plasma. As a pilot study to test whether 405 nm light is capable of inactivating bacteria in biological fluids, rabbit plasma and human plasma were seeded with bacteria and treated with a 405 nm light emitting diode (LED) exposure system (patent pending). Inactivation was achieved in all tested samples, ranging from low volumes to prebagged plasma. 99.9% reduction of low density bacterial populations (=103¿CFU¿mL-1), selected to represent typical "natural" contamination levels, was achieved using doses of 144¿Jcm-2. The penetrability of 405¿nm light, permitting decontamination of prebagged plasma, and the nonrequirement for photosensitizing agents provide a new proof of concept in bacterial reduction in biological fluids, especially injectable fluids relevant to transfusion medicine.

Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #27774337 DOI: 10.1155/2016/2920514
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Biologics
Entry Created: 2016-10-25 Entry Last Modified: 2017-07-25