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Sci Rep 2017 Oct 16;7(1):13240

Role of mast cells in clearance of Leishmania through extracellular trap formation.

Naqvi N, Ahuja K, Selvapandiyan A, Dey R, Nakhasi H, Puri N

Abstract

Mast Cells (MCs) are one of the first immune cells encountered by invading pathogens. Their presence in large numbers in the superficial dermis, where Leishmania is encountered, suggests that they may play a critical role in immune responses to Leishmania. In this study the interactions of Leishmania donovani, the causative agent of visceral Leishmaniasis, and Leishmania tropica, the causative agent of cutaneous Leishmaniasis with MCs were studied. Co-culture of Leishmania with Peritoneal Mast Cells (PMCs) from BALB/c mice and Rat Basophilic Leukaemia (RBL-2H3) MCs led to significant killing of L. tropica and to a lesser extent of L. donovani. Also, while there was significant uptake of L. tropica by MCs, L. donovani was not phagocytosed. There was significant generation of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) by MCs on co-culture with these species of Leishmania which may contribute to their clearance. Interactions of MCs with Leishmania led to generation of MC extracellular traps comprising of DNA, histones and tryptase probably to ensnare these pathogens. These results clearly establish that MCs may contribute to host defences to Leishmania in a differential manner, by actively taking up these pathogens, and also by mounting effector responses for their clearance by extracellular means.


Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #29038500 DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-12753-1
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Biologics
Entry Created: 2017-10-22 Entry Last Modified: 2017-10-29
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