• Decrease font size
  • Return font size to normal
  • Increase font size
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Scientific Publications by FDA Staff

  • Print
  • Share
  • E-mail

Search Publications



Starting Date

Ending Date

Order by

Entry Details

Viruses 2018 Oct 16;10(10):566

Current perspectives on high-throughput sequencing (HTS) for adventitious virus detection: upstream sample processing and library preparation.

Ng SH, Braxton C, Eloit M, Feng SF, Fragnoud R, Mallet L, Mee ET, Sathiamoorthy S, Vandeputte O, Khan AS


A key step for broad viral detection using high-throughput sequencing (HTS) is optimizing the sample preparation strategy for extracting viral-specific nucleic acids since viral genomes are diverse: They can be single-stranded or double-stranded RNA or DNA, and can vary from a few thousand bases to over millions of bases, which might introduce biases during nucleic acid extraction. In addition, viral particles can be enveloped or non-enveloped with variable resistance to pre-treatment, which may influence their susceptibility to extraction procedures. Since the identity of the potential adventitious agents is unknown prior to their detection, efficient sample preparation should be unbiased toward all different viral types in order to maximize the probability of detecting any potential adventitious viruses using HTS. Furthermore, the quality assessment of each step for sample processing is also a critical but challenging aspect. This paper presents our current perspectives for optimizing upstream sample processing and library preparation as part of the discussion in the Advanced Virus Detection Technologies Interest group (AVDTIG) The topics include: use of nuclease treatment to enrich for encapsidated nucleic acids, techniques for amplifying low amounts of virus nucleic acids, selection of different extraction methods, relevant controls, the use of spike recovery experiments, and quality control measures during library preparation.

Category: Journal Article, Editorial
PubMed ID: #30332784 DOI: 10.3390/v10100566
PubMed Central ID: #PMC6213814
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Biologics
Entry Created: 2018-07-22 Entry Last Modified: 2018-11-18