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Vaccine: X 2019 Apr 11;(1):100004

Responsiveness to basement membrane extract as a possible trait for tumorigenicity characterization.

Murata H, Omeir R, Tu W, Lanning L, Phy K, Foseh G, Lewis AM Jr, Peden K


Immortalized cell lines used to produce vaccines are expected to be described in terms of their tumorigenicity. However, current in vivo tumorigenicity assays can be time-consuming and results can be equivocal, especially for weakly tumorigenic cells. Basement membrane extract (BME) derived from the Engelbreth-Holm-Swarm mouse tumor, such as Matrigel and Cultrex, consists of laminin, collagen IV, entactin, heparan sulfate, and proteoglycans, as well as biologically active peptides and growth factors. For nearly three decades, BME has been used in cancer research to enhance tumorigenicity assays (both tumor “take” as well as tumor growth are substantially improved). We assessed the feasibility of using BME to facilitate the evaluation of vaccine cell substrate tumorigenicity. Vero cells (WHO 10-87) were serially passaged and banked at every ten passages beginning with p140; for the present study, low-passage Vero cells (Vero LP, originating from cells banked at p140) and high-passage Vero cells (Vero HP, originating from cells banked at p250) were used. In addition, Vero TPX2 and Vero NM1, cell lines established from tumors formed in nude mice by Vero HP cells, as well as other cell lines relevant to vaccine production (HeLa, MDCK, 293, and ARPE-19), were assessed. Female adult athymic nude mice were injected subcutaneously with cells in the absence or presence of BME. We observed that the tumorigenicity of ARPE-19 cells as well as Vero cells below passage 258 (Vero LP and Vero HP; previously characterized as non-tumorigenic or weakly tumorigenic, respectively) was not enhanced by BME. In contrast, BME shortened the latency and decreased the tumor-producing cell dose of HeLa, 293, and MDCK cells as well as the tumorigenic Vero derivatives TPX2 and NM1. Thus, responsiveness to BME may reflect the status of the neoplastic process and possibly serve as a useful trait for better defining the tumorigenic phenotype of cells.

Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #31384726 DOI: 10.1016/j.jvacx.2019.100004
PubMed Central ID: #PMC6668224
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Biologics
Entry Created: 2019-06-02 Entry Last Modified: 2019-08-11