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Vaccine 2020 Jan 10;38(2):101-6

Summary of the vaccines and related biological products advisory committee meeting held to consider evaluation of vaccine candidates for the prevention of respiratory syncytial virus disease in RSV-naive infants.

Browne SK, Beeler JA, Roberts JN


Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), is a common cause of serious acute lower respiratory tract illness in infants and young children, causing substantial morbidity and mortality globally. Treatment is mainly supportive and currently there is no licensed preventive vaccine. Clinical trials conducted in the 1960s evaluating a formalin-inactivated RSV vaccine (FI-RSV) in RSV-naive infants resulted in observations of enhanced respiratory disease (ERD) following subsequent natural RSV infection in vaccinees. In these studies, infants immunized with FI-RSV had higher rates of severe RSV disease compared with controls. This outcome redirected focus on identifying the immunologic mechanisms that precipitated ERD as a prerequisite to further vaccine development. Improved understanding of the immunopathogenesis of ERD derived from animal models has stimulated development of new candidate vaccines and engendered discussions among RSV experts about the safety data needed to advance these products into the clinic, and ultimately, into the target population of RSV-naive infants. The recognition that multiple products would soon be ready for testing in infants and children prompted the FDA to hold a Vaccines and Related Biological Products Advisory Committee (VRBPAC) meeting to seek perspectives and advice of experts regarding the types and extent of preclinical and clinical data that might be needed to support testing in RSV-naive infants for specific types of candidate RSV vaccines. Committee members agreed that, if certain conditions are met in preclinical and early clinical studies, it would be reasonable to move forward from studies in adults and older children and into clinical trials evaluating vaccine safety and efficacy in RSV-naive infants. Herein, we review and summarize perspectives on the discussion regarding recommendations for RSV vaccine development in this population.

Category: Journal Article, Editorial
PubMed ID: #31706809 DOI: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2019.10.048
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Biologics
Entry Created: 2019-06-23 Entry Last Modified: 2020-02-16