• Decrease font size
  • Return font size to normal
  • Increase font size
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Scientific Publications by FDA Staff

  • Print
  • Share
  • E-mail

Search Publications



Starting Date

Ending Date

Order by

Entry Details

PLoS One 2019 Sep 6;14(9):e0221159

Gender differences in innate responses and gene expression profiles in memory CD4 T cells are apparent very early during acute simian immunodeficiency virus infection.

George J, Johnson RC, Mattapallil MJ, Renn L, Rabin R, Merrell DS, Mattapallil JJ


Gender differences in Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease progression and comorbidities have been extensively reported. Using the simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) infected rhesus macaque model, we show that these differences are apparent very early during the course of infection. Though there were no major changes in the proportions of CD4 T cells or its subsets, central memory CD4 T cells from female macaques were found to differentially regulate a significantly larger number of genes at day 4 post-infection (PI) as compared to males. Pathway analysis revealed divergence of both canonical and biological pathways that persisted at day 10 PI. Changes in gene expression profiles were accompanied by a significant increase in plasma levels of pro-inflammatory mediators such as MCP-1/CCL2, I-TAC/CXCL11, and MIF. Though plasma levels of IFNalpha did not differ between male and female macaques, the expression levels of IFNalpha subtype-14, 16, IFNbeta, and IFNomega were significantly upregulated in the lymph nodes of female macaques at day 10 PI as compared to male macaques. Our results suggest that the pathogenic sequelae seen during chronic infection may be shaped by gender differences in immune responses induced very early during the course of HIV infection.

Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #31490965 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0221159
PubMed Central ID: #PMC6730907
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Biologics
Entry Created: 2019-09-08 Entry Last Modified: 2020-05-31