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Drug Discov Today 2019 Dec 14 [Epub ahead of print]

Targeting heme-oxidized soluble guanylate cyclase to promote osteoblast function.

Tesfamariam B

Abstract

The enzyme soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) plays an essential part in the nitric oxide (NO) signaling pathway by binding to the prosthetic heme group; thereby catalyzing the synthesis of cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP)-dependent protein kinases. Impaired NO-sGC-cGMP signaling could lead to osteoblast apoptosis by mechanisms involving the oxidative-stress-induced shift of the redox state of the reduced heme to oxidized sGC, leading to diminished heme binding to the enzyme and rendering the sGC unresponsive to NO. Targeting oxidized sGC to enhance cGMP production could restore proliferation and differentiation of osteoblasts into osteocytes. Here, the potential role of sGC activators of an oxidized or heme-free sGC as a target for promoting osteoblast function is reviewed and strategies for delivering drugs to bone are identified.


Category: Journal Article, Review
PubMed ID: #31846712 DOI: 10.1016/j.drudis.2019.12.004
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Drugs
Entry Created: 2019-12-22
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