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Clin Exp Allergy 2020 Jun;50(6):741-51

Measurement of German cockroach (GCr) allergens and their isoforms in allergen extracts with mass spectrometry.

Mindaye ST, David NA, Esfahani SAZ, Schal C, Matsui EC, Ronald RL, Slater JE


BACKGROUND: Allergen extracts are the primary tool for diagnosis and treatment of allergic diseases. In the United States, most allergen extracts are non-standardized. More sophisticated analytical approaches are needed to characterize these products and enable manufacturers and regulators to better determine potency. OBJECTIVE: To expand the multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) assay for an in-depth characterization of German cockroach (GCr; Blattella germanica) allergen extracts. METHODS: We applied advanced liquid chromatography (LC) and mass spectrometry (MS) techniques including MRM. The expanded LC/MRM MS method was optimized to measure known GCr allergens and their isoforms/variants in commercial extracts and environmental samples. We performed isoform-specific allergen measurements in multiple extracts from four commercial sources and extracts prepared using environmental samples from urban homes. To investigate causes of heterogeneity, we examined over 30 extraction process variables. RESULTS: Evaluation of the commercial extracts confirmed the variability of production lots and commercial sources. Commonly used defatting and extraction protocols yielded extracts with comparable allergen profiles and content. However, the identity and quality of source materials was a major contributor to variability. In comparing commercial GCr extracts to environmental samples, relative quantities of Bla g 1, Bla g 2, Bla g 3, Bla g 4, and Bla g 11 were similar, while Bla g 5, Bla g 6, Bla g 7 and Bla g 8 were present in the environmental samples but largely absent for the commercial extracts. CONCLUSIONS & CLINICAL RELEVANCE: LC/MRM MS can be used to measure all known GCr allergens in commercial allergen extracts and environmental samples. Significant differences exist between allergen profiles of commercial extracts and the profiles of environmental samples from dwellings. This analytical platform can serve as a template to achieve better product characterization of similarly complex products.

Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #32243003 DOI: 10.1111/cea.13604
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Biologics
Entry Created: 2019-12-29 Entry Last Modified: 2020-06-07