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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

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Vaccine 2020 Feb 28;38(10):2396-405

Deletion of major porins from meningococcal outer membrane vesicle vaccines enhances reactivity against heterologous serogroup B Neisseria meningitidis strains.

Matthias KA, Reveille A, Connolly KL, Jerse AE, Gao YS, Bash MC


Detergent-extracted detoxified outer membrane vesicle (dOMV) vaccines are effective at preventing invasive serogroup B meningococcal (MenB) disease caused by the homologous Neisseria meningitidis strain from which they are produced, but offer limited protection from heterologous strains. Differences in vaccine efficacy are partially due to strain-specific variations in the antigenic sequence types and expression levels of outer membrane proteins (OMPs), including the immunodominant OMP PorA. In this study, dOMV vaccines deficient in major OMPs, including PorA, PorB, and RmpM were isolated and used to immunize rabbits and mice. Serum samples were obtained from each animal and tested for antibody responses against five MenB strains. Immunization with wild type dOMVs elicited antibodies to major antigens including PorA, PorB, RmpM, and lipooligosaccharide (LOS), and demonstrated limited bactericidal activity against heterologous strains. In contrast, OMP-deficient dOMV vaccines elicited broadly cross-reactive bactericidal antibodies, with PorA/PorB-dual deficient dOMVs inducing antibodies exhibiting the greatest cross-reactivity. Enhanced killing of heterologous strains correlated with binding to unique protein bands in immunoblots, suggestive of improved immunogenicity of antigens under-represented in the wild type vaccine.

Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #32037226 DOI: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2020.01.038
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Biologics
Entry Created: 2020-02-16 Entry Last Modified: 2020-03-22