• Decrease font size
  • Return font size to normal
  • Increase font size
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Scientific Publications by FDA Staff

  • Print
  • Share
  • E-mail

Search Publications



Starting Date

Ending Date

Order by

Entry Details

Blood 2020 Jul 21 [Epub ahead of print]

HIV incidence in US first-time blood donors and transfusion risk with a 12-month deferral for men who have sex with men.

Grebe E, Busch MP, Notari EP, Bruhn R, Quiner CA, Hindes DA, Stone M, Bakkour S, Yang H, Williamson PC, Kessler D, Reik RF, Stramer SL, Glynn SA, Anderson SA, Williams AE, Custer B, Transfusion-Transmissible Infections Monitoring System (TTIMS)


In 2015, the FDA published revised guidance that recommended a change in blood donor deferral of men who have sex with men (MSM) from an indefinite to a 12-month deferral since last sex. We assessed whether HIV incidence or associated transfusion risk increased in first-time blood donors. Donations in four major blood collection organizations were monitored for 15 months before and two years after implementation of the 12-month MSM deferral policy. HIV-positive donations were classified as recently acquired or long-term using a recent infection testing algorithm and incidence in both periods estimated. Residual transfusion-transmission risk was estimated by multiplying incidence with the infectious pre-NAT window period, estimated using a model based on infectious dose and the screening algorithm's sensitivity. Factors associated with incident infection in each period were assessed using Poisson Regression. Overall HIV incidence in first-time donors before implementation of the 12-month MSM deferral was estimated at 2.62/105 person-years (95% CI: 1.53,3.93), and after implementation at 2.85 (95% CI: 1.96,3.93), with no statistically significant change. In male first-time donors the incidence difference was 0.93 (95% CI: -1.74,3.58). The residual risk of HIV transfusion transmission per 106 transfusions of packed red blood cell components sourced from first-time donors was estimated at 0.32 (95% CI: 0.29,0.65) before, and 0.35 (95% CI: 0.31,0.65) after implementation, with the difference not significant. Factors associated with incident infection were the same in each period. We observed no increase in HIV incidence or HIV transfusion transmission risk after implementation of a 12-month MSM deferral policy.

Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #32693408 DOI: 10.1182/blood.2020007003
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Biologics
Entry Created: 2020-07-26