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J Biol Chem 2004 Nov 19;279(47):49055-63

Polyarginine inhibits gp160 processing by furin and suppresses productive human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection.

Kibler KV, Miyazato A, Yedavalli VS, Dayton AI, Jacobs BL, Dapolito G, Kim SJ, Jeang KT

Jeang KT, NIAID, Mol Microbiol Lab, NIH, Bldg 4,Rm 306,9000 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA NIAID, Mol Microbiol Lab, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA US FDA, Ctr Biol Evaluat & Res, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA Arizona State Univ, Biodesign Inst, Ctr Infect Dis & Vaccinol, Tempe, AZ 85287 USA NCI, Lab Cell Regulat & Carcinogenesis, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA


Correct endoproteolytic maturation of gp160 is essential for the infectivity of human immunodeficiency virus type 1. This processing of human immunodeficiency virus-1 envelope protein, gp160, into gp120 and gp41 has been attributed to the activity of the cellular subtilisin-like proprotein convertase furin. The prototypic furin recognition cleavage site is Arg-X-Arg/Lys-Arg. Arg-Arg-Arg-Arg-Arg-Arg or longer iterations of polyarginine have been shown to be competitive inhibitors of substrate cleavage by furin. Here, we tested polyarginine for inhibition of productive human immunodeficiency virus-1-infection in T-cell lines, primary peripheral blood mononuclear cells, and macrophages. We found that polyarginine inhibited significantly human immunodeficiency virus-1 replication at concentrations that were benign to cell cultures ex vivo and mice in vivo. Using a fluorogenic assay, we demonstrated that polyarginine potently inhibited substrate-specific proteolytic cleavage by furin. Moreover, we verified that authentic processing of human immunodeficiency virus-1 gp160 synthesized in human cells from an infectious human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) molecular clone was effectively blocked by polyarginine. Taken together, our data support that inhibitors of proteolytic processing of gp160 may be useful for combating human immunodeficiency virus-1 and that polyarginine represents a lead example of such inhibitors.

Category: Journal Article, Peer
PubMed ID: #15371436
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Biologics
Entry Created: 2011-10-04 Entry Last Modified: 2012-08-29