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J Leukoc Biol 2006 Jun;79(6):1328-38

HIV regulation of the IL-7R: a viral mechanism for enhancing HIV-1 replication in human macrophages in vitro.

Zhang M, Drenkow J, Lankford CS, Frucht DM, Rabin RL, Gingeras TR, Venkateshan C, Schwartzkopff F, Clouse KA, Dayton AI

Dayton AI (reprint author), US FDA, Mol Virol Lab, Div Emerging & Transfus Transmitted Dis, Off Blood Res & Review,Ctr Biol Evaluat & Res,CBE, HFM 315,1401 Rockville Pike, Rockville, MD 20852 USA US FDA, Mol Virol Lab, Div Emerging & Transfus Transmitted Dis, Off Blood Res & Review,Ctr Biol Evaluat & Res,CBE, Rockville, MD 20852 USA US FDA, Lab Immunobiochem, DBPAP, Off Vaccine Res & Review,Ctr Biol Evaluat & Res, Rockville, MD 20852 USA Affymetrix, Santa Clara, CA USA Ctr Drug Evaluat & Res, Div Monoclonal Antibodies, Off Biotechnol Prod, Bethesda, MD USA


We report a novel mechanism, involving up-regulation of the interleukin (IL)-7 cytokine receptor, by which human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) enhances its own production in monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM) in vitro. HIV-1 infection or treatment of MDM cultures with exogenous HIV-1 Tat(86) protein up-regulates the IL-7 receptor (IL-7R) alpha-chain at the levels of steady-state RNA, protein, and functional IL-7R on the cell surface (as measured by ligand-induced receptor signaling). This IL-7R up-regulation is associated with increased amounts of HIV-1 virions in the supernatants of infected MDM cultures treated with exogenous IL-7 cytokine. The overall effect of IL-7 stimulation on HIV replication in MDM culture supernatants is typically in the range of one log and greater. The results are consistent with a model in which HIV infection produces the Tat protein, which in turn up-regulates IL-7R in a paracrine manner. This results in increased IL-7R signaling in response to the IL-7 cytokine, which ultimately promotes early events in HIV replication, including binding/entry and possibly other steps prior to reverse transcription. The results suggest that the effects of IL-7 on HIV replication in MDM should be considered when analyzing and designing clinical trials involving treatment of patients with IL-7 or Tat vaccines.

Category: Journal Article, Peer
PubMed ID: #16614257
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Biologics, Drugs
Entry Created: 2011-10-04 Entry Last Modified: 2012-08-29