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Gene 2006 Dec 15;384:113-9

Escherichia coli BL21(DE3) chromosome contains a group II capsular gene cluster.

Andreishcheva EN, Vann WF


During our study of de novo synthesis of Escherichia coli K1 capsular polysaccharides, we found that E. coli BL21(DE3) has a capsular gene cluster, similar to those of group II capsular E. coli strains. Analysis of the nucleotide sequence of the E. coli BL21(DE3) gene cluster showed homologues to all group II regions 1 and 3 genes and the presence of an IS1 element in one of the region 2 ORFs, which likely prevents capsule expression. Complementation analysis showed that region 1 and 3 genes encode functional proteins that are sufficient for the export of newly synthesized polysaccharide. The gene products of Bl21(DE3) kpsC and kpsS supported in vitro de novo synthesis of K1 polysaccharide when co-expressed with K1 NeuE and NeuS. Sequence homology between BL21(DE3) region 2 open reading frames and capsule-related genes in other bacteria such as Haemophilus influenzae serotype b, suggests that the encapsulated ancestor of BL21(DE3) may have produced a ribose/ribitol-phosphate containing polysaccharide.

Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #16959439
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Biologics
Entry Created: 2011-10-04 Entry Last Modified: 2012-08-29