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Biologicals 2007 Oct;35(4):285-95

Development and evaluation of an ELISA for quantification of human alpha-1-proteinase inhibitor in complex biological mixtures.

Karnaukhova E, Golding B, Ophir Y


Human alpha-1-proteinase inhibitor (alpha(1)-PI) is the most abundant serine protease inhibitor in plasma. Its major function is inhibition of neutrophil elastase in lungs. alpha(1)-PI deficiency may result in severe, ultimately fatal emphysema. Three plasma-derived (pd-) alpha(1)-PI products are licensed in the US for replacement therapy of deficient patients. The recombinant versions (r-alpha(1)-PI), proposed as alternatives to pd-alpha(1)-PI products, have been under intensive investigation. For accurate determination of alpha(1)-PI from different sources and in various forms, there is an obvious need for reliable standardized assays for alpha(1)-PI quantification and potency measurements. As a part of our multi-step research focused on alpha(1)-PI structure-function investigation, we have established a simple and reproducible double-sandwich ELISA based on commercially available polyclonal antibodies. The developed ELISA allows the quantification of both pd-alpha(1)-PI and r-alpha(1)-PI in various complex matrices. A validation of the ELISA was performed with the working range of the assay (3.1-50ng/ml) established on the bases of the following parameters: linearity (3-100ng/ml, r(2)=0.995); accuracy (87.3-114.6% recovery); intra-assay precision (%CV, 2.8%); inter-assay plate-to-plate precision (3.9% per day and 4.1% day-to-day); detection limit (1.10ng/ml); and quantification limit (3.34ng/ml). The analytical performance of the alpha(1)-PI ELISA indicates that this assay can be used for monitoring concentration levels of alpha(1)-PI in multi-component biological matrices, based on the following: (a) quantification of r-alpha(1)-PI in various fermentation mixtures (E. coli and A. niger); (b) investigation of alpha(1)-PI enzymatically digested in the conditions of harsh fungal proteolysis; (c) evaluation of thermally polymerized alpha(1)-PI; (d) quantification of alpha(1)-PI in human serum; and (e) comparative quantification of alpha(1)-PI in commercially available products.

Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #17257853
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Biologics
Entry Created: 2011-10-04 Entry Last Modified: 2012-08-29