• Decrease font size
  • Return font size to normal
  • Increase font size
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Scientific Publications by FDA Staff

  • Print
  • Share
  • E-mail

Search Publications



Starting Date

Ending Date

Order by

Entry Details

Mol Immunol 2010 Oct;47(16):2604-10

Role of interleukin-18 in human natural killer cell is associated with interleukin-2.

Huang Y, Lei Y, Zhang H, Zhang M, Dayton A


Human natural killer (NK) cells constitute an important cellular component of innate immunity, capable of killing infected and transformed cells. The proliferation and activation of NK cells are regulated by various cytokines. Interleukin-18 (IL-18) promotes NK cell activation; however, whether the effects of IL-18 on NK cell are associated with other cytokines is still unknown. In this study, we observed that IL-18 induced NK cell apoptosis and inhibited NK cell expansion in the presence of low concentrations of interleukin-2 (IL-2), while high concentrations of IL-2 overcame these effects of IL-18, and high concentrations of IL-2 promoted the stimulatory activity of IL-18 on NK cells. At a low concentration of IL-2, IL-18 induced NK cell apoptosis in part through activation of the FasL/Fas- and TNF¿/TNFR-mediated death receptor signaling by enhancing FasL expression and inhibiting c-FLIP(long) expression. However, high concentrations of IL-2 strongly blocked IL-18-induced NK cell apoptosis through alleviating IL-18-induced FasL expression and activation of Fas-mediated death signaling and increasing anti-apoptosis molecule (Bcl-X(L)). These results reveal that the effects of IL-18 on human NK cell are associated with IL-2 concentration and suggest the importance of IL-2 level in cytokine immunotherapy.

Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #21035858 DOI: 10.1016/j.molimm.2010.05.290
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Biologics
Entry Created: 2011-10-04 Entry Last Modified: 2012-08-29