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Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 2013 Jan 1;266(1):109-21

Development of doxorubicin-induced chronic cardiotoxicity in the B6C3F1 mouse model.

Desai VG, Herman EH, Moland CL, Branham WS, Lewis SM, Davis KJ, George NI, Lee T, Kerr S, Fuscoe JC


Serum levels of cardiac troponins serve as biomarkers of myocardial injury. However, troponins are released into the serum only after damage to cardiac tissue has occurred. Here, we report development of a mouse model of doxorubicin (DOX)-induced chronic cardiotoxicity to aid in the identification of predictive biomarkers of early events of cardiac tissue injury. Male B6C3F(1) mice were administered intravenous DOX at 3mg/kg body weight, or an equivalent volume of saline, once a week for 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, and 14weeks, resulting in cumulative DOX doses of 12, 18, 24, 30, 36, and 42mg/kg, respectively. Mice were sacrificed a week following the last dose. A significant reduction in body weight gain was observed in mice following exposure to a weekly DOX dose for 1week and longer compared to saline-treated controls. DOX treatment also resulted in declines in red blood cell count, hemoglobin level, and hematocrit compared to saline-treated controls after the 2nd weekly dose until the 8th and 9th doses, followed by a modest recovery. All DOX-treated mice had significant elevations in cardiac troponin T concentrations in plasma compared to saline-treated controls, indicating cardiac tissue injury. Also, a dose-related increase in the severity of cardiac lesions was seen in mice exposed to 24mg/kg DOX and higher cumulative doses. Mice treated with cumulative DOX doses of 30mg/kg and higher showed a significant decline in heart rate, suggesting drug-induced cardiac dysfunction. Altogether, these findings demonstrate the development of DOX-induced chronic cardiotoxicity in B6C3F(1) mice.

Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #23142469 DOI: 10.1016/j.taap.2012.10.025
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Toxicological Research Drugs
Entry Created: 2012-11-14 Entry Last Modified: 2013-10-17